Valuation of the Benefit System
Last Thursday the Minister of Social Development, Anne Tolley, released a summary of key findings from the report Valuation of the Benefit System for Working Age Adults: as at 30 June 2014. The report was prepared by Taylor Fry (a consultancy firm) and was published on the Ministry of Social Development website in February.
The report outlines the lifetime costs of approximately 570,000 working-age Work and Income New Zealand clients who received income support for the year ending 30 June 2014. The total estimated cost (liability) of benefit payments and related expenses for clients who received income support until they reach retirement age is $69 billion. Key Māori findings of note are:
- 38 percent of Work and Income New Zealand clients aged 18 to 24 years are Māori;
- intergenerational benefit receipt was highest amongst Māori; with 87 percent of Māori clients aged 18 to 24 years having at least one parent receiving a benefit. The rate was 65 percent for non-Māori;
- 54 percent of Māori clients aged 18 to 24 years are clients with intensive family benefit history. A client with intensive family benefit history is described as a client whose parent was intensively in the benefit system during the years the client was aged 13 to 17 years.
- Māori are disproportionately at risk of longer benefit reliance compared with non-Māori. The report identifies a correlation between intergenerational benefit receipt and longer benefit terms;
- The concentration of Māori beneficiaries is highest in Northland, East Cost and Bay of Plenty regions;
- Māori living in Auckland or Northland will receive on average $40,000 more in benefits than other ethnic groups in these regions.Despite these marked disparities between Māori and non-Māori, the study does not propose any solutions or recommendations for change. We also advise, Minister Tolley’s press release on this matter failed to identify any issues presenting in relation to Māori – like her Ministry she remains silent on ethnic differences in this area. That is, within the welfare sector there is still no formal acknowledgement of the need to consider and address Māori welfare dependency as a unique policy matter.The report can be viewed here:
Census – Education and Training Data Released
Last Tuesday Statistics New Zealand published, 2013 Census – Education and Training Data. The publication provides information on education, training engagement, and formal qualifications attained for people aged 15 years and over, derived from census data.
Overall the proportion of people with formal qualifications increased to 79 percent in 2013; up from 75 percent in 2006. For Māori 67 percent held a formal qualification in 2013; up from 60 percent in 2006. Noteworthy is the increase of Māori with bachelor degrees – increasing to 7.5 percent (27,057 people) in 2013, from 5.5 percent (17,907 people) in 2006. Other findings of note were:
30 percent of Māori aged 15-years and older have no formal qualifications;
the highest qualification for 41 percent of Māori (147,900) was a level 1–3 tertiary certificate; and
48 percent of Māori aged 15 to 19 years were enrolled in school or tertiary study (circa 35,000 people).
The publication can be viewed here: http://www.stats.govt.nz/Census/2013-census/profile-and-summary-reports/qstats-education-training.aspx
Māori Life Expectancy
Earlier this month Statistics NZ published, The New Zealand Period Life Tables: 2012–14. Findings show that the difference between Māori and non-Māori life expectancy at birth has reduced to 7.1 years (it was previously 7.3 years). Male Māori life expectancy at birth is now 73 years, compared with 79.5 years for all males. Māori female life expectancy is 77.1 years, compared with to 83.2 years for all females.
Quarterly Labour Market Scorecard – March 2015
Last Thursday the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment released a Labour Market Scorecard for the quarter ending 31 March 2015. The scorecard is a one-page summary on labour market statistics and indicators. The key Māori statistics and indicators for the March 2015 quarter are:
- 63.3 percent of Māori 18 year-old school levers in 2013 attained NCEA level 2 or higher;
- 29.6 percent of Māori school levers in 2013 did not attain NCEA level 1;
- the Māori unemployment rate is 12.6 percent; and
- the Māori Labour force participation is 66.5 percent.Pānui has already advised on these matters as the data was released,referto Pānui 15/2015 for details.
FoMA Members – Agricultural Production Tables as at 30 June 2014
Last Monday Statistics New Zealand published agricultural production tables from a survey of farms owned by members of the Federation of Māori Authorities (FoMA), as at 30 June 2014.
Key findings show the average size of a FoMA member farm is circa 2,260 hectares – approximately nine times larger than the average New Zealand farm size. Federation members own and manage 266,400ha of farm and forestry; which represents 1.9% of New Zealand’s total farm and forestry production land. Federation members also own 0.9% of deer; 1.9% of sheep; 1.9% of beef cattle, and 0.6% of dairy stock in New Zealand.
Pukeroa Oruawhata Group Receives Tourism Funding
On Wednesday the Minister of Tourism, John Key, announced the Pukeroa Oruawhata Group and its business partner, World Spa Ltd, will receive $350,000 from the Tourism Growth Partnership fund. The funding will be invested in the first stage of a proposed large scale health and well-being complex on the Rotorua lakefront.
Toi Moana Bay of Plenty Regional Growth Study Published
Last Tuesday a Toi Moana Bay of Plenty Regional Growth Study was published on the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment website. The report was prepared by MartinJenkins (a consultancy firm) and commissioned by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) and the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI).
The report is the third in a series of regional growth studies, which have the purpose of “identifying the sectors and commercial opportunities in each region that have the potential to sustainably grow incomes, jobs and investment”. We are reviewing this document to determine relevance for Māori, and will advise further.
Ngāi Tahu Tourism Wins Trade Award
Ngāi Tahu Tourism has won the Auckland International Airport Award for Excellence in Tourism at the HSBC China Business Awards.
Te Tatau Pounamu – Māori Representation and Participation Conference
The New Zealand Māori Council will be hosting a one day Māori Representation and Participation Conference, 31 May 2015 in Palmerston North. The conference is entitled Te Tatau Pounamu to register or view the full conference programme athttp://www.maoricouncil.com/2015/05/12/te-tatau-pounamu-conference-programme-and-registration/
Araukuku Hapū – Urgent Hearing with the Waitangi Tribunal Declined
This month Araukuku, a South Taranaki hapū lodged an application with the Wellington High Court seeking a review of a Waitangi Tribunal decision not to grant an urgent hearing into its claim (Wai 552) to have the hapū removed from Ngāruahine Deed of Settlement. The Deed of Settlement was signed in August 2014, but the Tribunal application was only lodged in February 2015 (with Tribunal decision being released on 7 May).
The Crown purchase Battle of Ōrākau site
The Crown has purchased a 9.7 hectare property at Ōrākau near Kihikihi. The property was the site of the 1864 Battle of Ōrākau. The land will be placed in the Office of Treaty Settlements Landbank and maintained by the Crown while consultation with iwi, the Heritage Society and Waipa Council continue on its future governance and management.
Dame Tariana Turia has been appointed to the Superu Board – Social Policy Evaluation and Research Unit.