- Last Saturday the Otamataha Trust received an apology from the New Zealand Church Missionary Society for historical grievances against Ngāti Tapu and Ngai Tamarāwaho. By way of background, in 2014 The New Zealand Mission Trust Board (Otamataha) Empowering Act was passed. This Act transferred land in Tauranga and some other property from the New Zealand Mission Trust Board to the Otamataha Trust. The New Zealand Mission Trust Board had held parcels of land in trust since 1896, (land which had previously been acquired by the Anglican Church Mission Society from Māori owners in 1838). The beneficiaries of the Otamataha Trust are the hapū of Ngāti Tapu and Ngai Tamarāwaho, and their members (i.e. descendants of the original Māori land owners).
- On Monday the Court of Appeal in Wellington ruled in favour of the Enterprise Miramar Peninsula Incorporated group and quashed the resource consent granted to the Wellington Company by the Wellington City Council for a major housing and commercial development at Shelly Bay. The Port Nicholson Settlement Trust has been working in partnership with the Wellington Company and part of the development was to be built on the Trust’s land. In August a group of Taranaki Whānui members, called Mau Whenua, protested the proposed development. The group were seeking a public inquiry into deals done between the Port Nicholson Block Settlement Trust and the Wellington Company. The group believe the development is not in the best interests of the iwi, and that the trustees may have breached a clause within their trust deed requiring 75% iwi consent for a major transaction. The Court of Appeal ruling means a new resource consent process is required (and the Court advises the City Council may need to use an independent person for this). This action will likely please those members of the iwi who are against the development. We also note the annual accounts for this iwi are not available for public viewing this year.
- On Tuesday the Canterbury Regional Council (Ngāi Tahu Representation) Bill was introduced in Parliament. If passed into law this bill will empower Te Rūnganga o Ngāi Tahu (TRoNT) to appoint up to 2 members to the Canterbury Regional Council, after the 2019 local body elections.
- This week mainstream media has been reporting on the Nelson Christmas Parade (held last Sunday) which had for the first time a non-traditionally dressed Santa. Instead Santa was Māori, without a beard and dressed in a short-sleeved shirt, and red korowai. The Māori Santa also held a large hei matu (fish hook) designed sceptre. Public opinion on the Māori Santa has been mixed.
- This week the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council (HBRC) held public consultation regarding a proposal to sell up to 45% of the Port of Napier (currently the port is wholly owned by the Council’s investment company). Local Hawke’s Bay iwi, Ngāti Pahauwera, has noted that given much of the land for the port was taken from Māori under the Napier Harbour Board Act, the iwi seeks access to the shares at a reduced rate from the council. The regional council (so far) has not expressed interest in negotiating on this matter with Ngāti Pahauwera.
- Today the report by the Tomorrow’s Schools Independent Taskforce was published. We will review this report entitled Our Schooling Futures: Stronger Together Whiria Ngā Kura Tūātinitini in our next edition of Pānui E44 14 December 2018.
- Ruakere Hond (Taranaki, Te Ātiawa), Prue Kapua (Te Arawa) and Kim Ngarimu (Ngāti Porou) have been appointed as members of the Waitangi Tribunal.
- Te Paea Paringatai (Waikato and Ngāti Porou) has been appointed a member of the Library and Information Advisory Commission.
- The Ngā Tohu Reo Māori 2018 (National Māori Language Awards 2018) were held last week. The winners were:
- Iwi Award – Muriwai Jones;
- Whānau Award – Oti te Nanekoti by Te Tāhuhu o Te Mātauranga;
- Rangatahi Award – Māori Television Giphy Channel by Fly;
- Takitahi Award – Mike Hollings (Ngāti Raukawa and Te Atihaunui-a-Paparangi);
- Mātauranga Kaupapa Māori Education Award – Taringa Punua Pāoho by Te Wānanga o Aotearoa;
- Mātauranga Whānui Education Award – Mahuru Māori – Fortnite by Te Wānanga o Aotearoa;
- Kāwanatanga Award – Te Amorangi ki mua, Te Hāpai Ō ki muri by Rotorua Lakes Council
- Pakihi Award – Te Mātāpuna by Fonterra;
- Te Mahi Toi, Te Mahi Whakangahau Award – Oti te Nanekoti by Te Tāhuhu o Te Mātauranga;
- Ngā Mahi Pāpāho Award – Sky TV, Tiki Towns;
- Ngā Hapori Māori Award – Dr Te Taku Parai (Ngāti Toa);
- Aotearoatanga Award – Kōrero Māori by Te Hiku Media;
- Te Wiki o te Reo Māori Award – Kupu App by Spark & Te Aka Māori Dictionary;
- Te Tohu Huia te Reo Award – Kupu App by Spark & Te Aka Māori Dictionary;
- Te Tohu Oranga Angitu Award – Ahorangi Whatarangi Winiata (Ngāti Raukawa);
- Ngā Tohu Kairangi: Special Commendations:
- #1miriona – Te Māngai Pāho
- Hīkoi Reo Māori Whangārei – Te Kura Taitamawāhine o Whangārei
- Guyon Espiner – Te Reo Irirangi o Aotearoa
- Fush Uka – Anton Matthew
- Te Tauihu – Te Kaunihera o Pōneke.
- On Saturday 1 December Wakatū Incorporation will hold their annual general meeting in Nelson. A highlight for Wakatū Incorporation this year has been the twenty-year anniversary of Tohu Wines. In 1998, Wakatū Incorporation, in partnership with Rarua Atiawa Iwi Trust and Wi Pere Trust, launched Tohu Wines. Tohu Wines is recognised as He mātāmua taketake – the first Māori-owned and operated wine label in the world. In 2010 Wakatū Incorporation became the sole owners of the brand. At the AGM three board appointments will also be decided.
- This week the former Minister of Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations, Chris Finlayson, announced his pending retirement from politics, in January 2019. Mr Finlayson oversaw the conclusion of approximately sixty Treaty of Waitangi settlements; and is therefore well known throughout iwi groups in New Zealand. During his tenure the total dollar quantum of settlements rose from a few hundred million to circa two billion in direct redress. Although his initial goal of settling all historic claims was not achieved while he was Minister (in particular the settlement with Ngā Puhi reads as the one that got away), Mr Finlayson hastened and streamlined the overall settlement process. In our view he is without doubt a Parliamentary peer in regards to how much time and effort he placed in resolving outstanding Treaty of Waitangi grievances whilst a Minister of the Crown.
- Parininihi ki Waitōtara Inc, Te Atiawa Iwi Holdings, and Taranaki Iwi Holding have formed Ngāmotu Hotels Limited Partnership for the purpose of taking ownership of the Novotel New Plymouth. The sale date is set for 1 January 2019, and the price is reportedly $23 million.
- On Tuesday the Parliamentary Committee stage of the Child Poverty Reduction Bill was completed, and the Bill was divided into two Bills: (i) Child Poverty Reduction Bill; (ii) Children’s Amendment Bill. This policy area is of importance to Māori, as current Ministry of Social Development research indicates circa 90,000 tamariki Māori live in poorer households / poverty. The new measures and goals within this proposed legislation will include Māori specific poverty reduction objectives, set in consultation with Māori, based on Treaty principles (Pānui 37/2018 and Pānui 2/2018 refer).
- On Thursday the second reading of the Misuse of Drugs (Medicinal Cannabis) Amendment Bill was completed in Parliament. This Bill proposes amendments to the Misuse of Drugs Act, allowing for the use of cannabis-based products for people with a terminal illness, and to legalize and regulate medical cannabidiol (CBD) products. A Government Supplementary Order Paper (i.e. a means to improve some parts of this Bill) has also now been put forward for consideration at the Parliamentary Committee Stage. We advise that the Ministry of Health has commenced issuing licenses to grow specific strains of cannabis plants for medicinal purposes, and that Māori and community-owned Hikurangi Cannabis Ltd has been awarded a licence to do so.
- On Wednesday the Minister of Health, Dr David Clark, announced that he had received the report of the Inquiry into Mental Health and Addiction – He Ara Oranga: report of the Government Inquiry into Mental Health and Addiction. The report will likely be made public before the end of 2018 and the Government’s formal response will be published during March 2019.
- On Wednesday the Māori Television Board announced that its Chief Executive, Keith Ikin, had resigned and will leave the organisation in early 2019. Mr Ikin (Ngāti Maniapoto, Ngāti Apakura, Ngāpuhi, Whanganui) has been with the organisation for 18 months. Deputy Chief Executive Shane Taurima will step into the Acting Chief Executive role until a replacement is appointed.
- Last week Māori Television announced that its current affairs shows will end production shortly and will be replaced by a single brand in 2019. The current affairs programmes Kawekōrero, Native Affairs and Rereātea will end in December and the news programme Te Kāea will end in February 2019.
- Last week the Government released the Early childhood education draft strategic plan 2019-29 “He taonga te tamaiti, Every child a taonga”. Despite the title this document places little emphasis on tamaiti Māori or Māori mediums of learning.
- Tonight the 15th Ngā Tohu Reo Māori, the National Māori Language Awards, will be held at Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington. The awards will be hosted by Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori, the Māori Language Commission.
- On Monday the Student Loan Scheme 2018 annual report was tabled in Parliament. As at 30 June 2018:
- 170,037 people took out a student loan during the 2017/18 year: of these 31,287 (18.4%) were Māori;
- 7,374 (17.5%) of first-time student loan borrowers were Māori;
Overall students used 67% of borrowings to cover course fees. We advise that Wānanga had the lowest average course fees of $3,645 compared with $7,048, $5,009, $7,696 for Universities, Polytechnics and Private Training Establishments respectively.
- The Waitangi Tribunal is continuing its inquiry (WAI 2358) into freshwater matters, with a fourth week of hearings set down for next week, starting on Monday (in Wellington). The inquiry is focused on two overarching questions:
- is the current law in respect of freshwater and freshwater bodies consistent with the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi?
- is the Crown’s freshwater reform package, including completed reforms, proposed reforms, and reform options, consistent with the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi?
Refer Panui 28/2017 for background information.
- On Monday the Minister for Māori Development, Nanaia Mahuta, was named on the 2018 BBC list of 100 inspiring and influential women from around the world. Ms Mahuta was listed as number 53 and was recognised as serving in the New Zealand Parliament for 22 years and for being the first female Parliamentarian to have a moko kauae (women’s facial tattoo).
- On Tuesday the following recipients for the 2019 HRC Māori Health Research Career Development Awards were announced:
Māori Health Research Postdoctoral Fellowship
- Dr Megan Leask, University of Otago (General Fellowship). Reducing the burden of metabolic disease in Māori, $284,600
Māori Health Research PhD Scholarship
- Sonia Hawkins, University of Auckland. Racial and ethnic bias among registered nurses, $129,000.
- Marie Jardine, University of Auckland. Deglutition (Swallowing) in advanced age, $75,000.
- Ngahuia Mita (Te Aitanga-a-Mahaki, Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Hako), University of Otago. Tairāwhiti waka, Tairāwhiti tangata – Examining Tairāwhiti voyaging philosophies, $141,000.
- Emerald Muriwai (Ngāti Ira, Ngāi Tamahaua, Whakatohea), University of Auckland. Nga kaiwhakaako, whakapakari tinana me te hauora hinengaro, $107,000.
- Marnie Reinfelds, University of Auckland. Ka Ora – Exploring the healing potential of birth, $129,000.
- Matire Ward (Te Rarawa), Victoria University of Wellington. The impact of micro-environment composition on oocyte developmental competency, $114,00.
Māori Health Research Masters Scholarship
- Nicola Canter-Burgoyne, Massey University. Māori experience of using CPAP treatment for OSA, $26,600.
- Abigail Johnson, University of Otago. Physiological changes to cerebellar Purkinje neurons in Parkinsonian rats, $30,200.
- TeWhaawhai Taki, University of Auckland. Te Tino Rangatiratanga o te Mate Ikura Roro, $25,000.
Māori Health Research Development Grant
- Dr Isaac Warbrick (Ngāti Te Ata, Te Arawa, Ngāpuhi), University of Auckland. Te Maramataka – Improving oranga through environmental mātauranga, $10,000.
Māori Health Research Summer Studentship
- Manurereau Te Maunga-A-Rongo Allen, University of Otago..Tane Māori access to and perceptions of primary care, $5000.
- Zaine Akuhata-Huntington (Ngāti Tūwharetoa, Ngāi Tuhoe), University of Otago. Māori rangatahi suicide – informant perspectives on determinants and solutions, $5000.
- Te Aomarama Anderson, Te Puawai Tapu Trust. Rights-based approaches to Māori health: A Kaupapa Māori review, $5000.
- Ellie Baxter, University of Otago. Qualitative analysis of Māori patients’ primary health care experiences, $5000.
- Kathryn Hippolite, University of Otago. Exploring Māori health provider workers’ perspectives of medication challenges, $5000.
- Rebekah Laurence, Te Puawai Tapu Trust. Māori women and abortion: A kaupapa Māori review, $5000.
- Esther Pinfold (Tainui, Ngāti Maniapoto), University of Otago. Pharmacokinetics of Benzathine Penicillin G in children and young people in NZ, $5000.
- Maia Tapsell (Te Arawa) University of Otago. An environmental scan of indigenous oral health providers, $5000.
- Dr Charlotte Severne (Ngāti Tūwharetoa, Ngāi Tūhoe) has been appointed as the new Māori Trustee.
- Meka Whaitiri was fired on Thursday as a Minister of the Crown by Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern. The decision was made after Prime Minister Ardern received a report into an incident that occurred between Ms Whaitiri and one of her staff on August 27. Ms Whaitiri’s portfolios had included Associate Minister for Crown/Māori Relations along with Minister of Customs, Associate Minister of Agriculture, Associate Minister of Forestry and Associate Minister of Local Government. Ms Whaitiri will remain as the Member of Parliament for Ikaroa Rawhiti.
- This week a reporter on mainstream radio, Heather du Plessis-Allan, when commenting on Prime Minister Ardern’s visit to Nauru for the Pacific Island Forum, advised listeners that the nation was a “hell hole” and that the Pacific Islands “are nothing but leeches on us”. When challenged about the inappropriateness of this comment, she sought to clarify that she was referring to the Governments of Pacific Islands, not the people. In our assessment, Ms du Plessis-Allan’s comments about Nauru and its economic exchange with New Zealand is almost certainty factually wrong, given it was New Zealand and Australia that largely consumed the island’s phosphate resources for agricultural production purposes, without sufficient recompense. e. the amount of a half pence per ton in 1921, being raised to one and a half pence in 1927 does have strong parallels with early purchases of Māori land, and extreme lowball prices being paid for resources due to uneven negotiation frameworks being set into motion. Unfortunately for Pasifika peoples, however, there is no equivalent of a Waitangi Tribunal for Nauruan people to raise this matter with the New Zealand Government now, nor for others such as Samoan people to raise issues of historic incidents of New Zealand Police brutality, etc. Given du Plessis-Allan’s comments, then perhaps there should be a parallel Pasifika Commission of Inquiry to address such matters to clarify how New Zealand has used Pasifika Islands for resources, labour, defence, and other purposes. Moreover, however, along with the ill-formed and offensive comments about other Pasifika nations, we consider Ms du Plessis-Allan also makes an incorrect assumption that New Zealand is not a Pasifika nation in and of itself; i.e. her statement indicates no acknowledgement that Aotearoa is the south edge of Pasifika and that Māori are part of Polynesia.
- This week celebrations of the Women’s Suffrage Movement have been held, as it is 125 years since New Zealand women won the right to vote – i.e. 19 September 1893. Accordingly, from then Māori women were able to vote for Māori men who were standing for election in one of the four Māori Parliamentary seats, established earlier in 1876. In 1919 women won the right to stand for Parliament in New Zealand, and the first Māori wahine to attempt to do so was Rehutai Maihi, in 1935. In 1949, following the death of her husband, Potiki Ratana, Iriaka Ratana became the first Māori woman to succeed at winning a seat in Parliament. Later, in 1972, Whetu Tirikatene became the first wahine Māori member of Cabinet. The first wahine Māori Prime Minister is yet to be determined.
- This week the Government’s tax working group has released an interim report. We are reviewing this for implications for Māori, in particular Māori land tax issues, etc.
- Ngāi Tahu Tourism has announced that it is adjusting wages to ensure all staff are paid at least the living wage of $20.55 per hour.
- The Māori Carbon Foundation has selected Donna Awatere Huata as their first Māori Climate Commissioner. The role is designed to facilitate opportunities for Māori to learn about climate change. Ms Awatere Huata has a controversial past, including being convicted and jailed for fraud in 2005. (Equally she has a history as a Māori rights activist, a writer, and as a former Member of Parliament.)
- On Wednesday the Equal Pay Amendment Bill was introduced in Parliament. The purpose of this bill is to improve the process for raising and progressing pay equity claims, and to eliminate gender discrimination in the areas of remuneration and employment terms and conditions for work done within female dominated jobs. We note this bill should have a positive effect for Māori as wāhine Māori are, collectively, one of the lowest paid groupings within the workforce.
 This is the amount the British Phosphate Commissioners paid; the New Zealand Government was a part of this board.
- Colleen Neville (Ngāti Maniapoto) and Kauahi Ngapora (Ngāi Tahu, Waikato-Tainui) have been appointed as members of the Tourism New Zealand Board.
- On Tuesday the second reading of the Family and Whānau Violence Legislation Bill was completed in Parliament. This bill seeks to reduce domestic violence through introducing cross agency information sharing provisions, increasing access to risk assessments services, and recording family violence offending more accurately within justice sector agencies. Māori whānau experience higher levels of domestic violence than others (Pānui 23/2014 refers).
- Next week the Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations Andrew Little will hold three public hui with members of Ngāpuhi in Australia. The purpose of the hui is to progress Treaty settlement discussions. It is estimated that circa 25,000 Ngāpuhi live in Australia.
|Sydney||22 September||12:00 – 2:00pm||Te Wairua Tapu Wharekarakia, Redfern, Sydney|
|Brisbane||22 September||6:30 – 8:30pm||Pullman Brisbane Airport Hotel, Brisbane|
|Perth||23 September||2:30 – 4:30pm||Ken Jackman Hall, Darius Wells Library, Kwinana, Perth|
- Associate Professor Leonie Pihama (Te Ātiawa, Ngāti Māhanga, Ngā Māhanga a Tairi) has received Endeavour Research Programme funding of circa $2.16 million over 4 years for her study, He Waka Eke Noa: Maori Cultural Frameworks for Violence Prevention and Intervention Research.
- Dr Farrar Palmer (Tainui, Ngāti Maniapoto) has received $250,000 from Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga for her research study which explores mātauranga and tikanga Māori in sporting contexts, Manawa Te Taonga Tuku Iho.
- On Monday to celebrate Te Wiki Te Reo Māori three newspapers which are published for the Whanganui and South Taranaki communities commenced print with “h” being added to Whanganui. In November 2015 the Local Government Act 2002 was amended to reflect the spelling of the district of Whanganui. The decision recognised that ‘Wanganui’ has no meaning in Te Reo Māori. It also ensured the district name was consistent with the official names of the river and the town.
- On Tuesday Te Tumu Paeroa launched Taikura Nuku, a modelling service used to identify the productivity potential of Māori land.
- On Thursday Trans-Tasman Resources Limited announced they will appeal the High Court decision quashing its consent to mine iron sand offshore from the South Taranaki seabed. Pānui E29/2018 refers.
- Katrina Bryant and Kiri Parata have respectively been awarded health research grants (from the Health Research Council). Ms Bryant has been granted $181,000 to develop a ‘Falls prevention exercise programme for Māori’. Ms Parata has been granted $199,000 for her project, ‘Whāia te Manaaki: manaakitanga and hauora for Te Atiawa ki Whakarongotai’.
- Rachael Tuwhanga (Tainui, Waikato-Maniapoto) has been appointed to the Education New Zealand Board
- In the lead up to Māori Language Week next week a number of articles relating to the use of Te Reo are presenting within the media, including:
- Simon Bridges stating that Te Reo should not be compulsory within the education sector;
- Shane Jones stating that Simon Bridges has no mandate to speak on matters relating to Te Reo, and that he should perhaps learn about Māori policy from Nuk Kōrako;
- Nuk Kōrako stating that it was the National Government that improved Māori language legislation in 2016 and that the present Government needed to get a move on with its work in this area;
- Nanaia Mahuta welcoming 300-odd (not released) submissions on the proposed Government strategy noting the diversity of views and indicating the strategy was moving along; and amongst those politics,
- a call for mainstream broadcasters to be required to pronounce Māori words correctly when on air (i.e. making poor articulation of Te Reo a grounds for complaint under New Zealand broadcasting standards).
- This week the New Zealand Police confirmed they will not pursue a complaint laid by Graham McCready against Meka Whaitiri, a Minister outside of Cabinet. Mr McCready tried to lay an assault complaint following media reports of an altercation occurring between Ms Whaitiri and a staff member. Ms Whaitiri has presently stood down from her ministerial duties while an investigation is being carried out by Ministerial Services. Ms Whaitiri is the Member of Parliament for Ikaroa Rawhiti.
- On Tuesday Wallace Te Ahuru pleaded guilty in the Manukau District Court to two charges of ‘Obtaining by deception’ and seven charges of ‘Using forged documents’ in relation to the Waitangi National Trust. The charges follow an investigation by the Serious Fraud Office. Mr Te Ahuru defrauded the Trust of circa $1.2 million during the time he was employed as the Trust’s Corporate Services Manager (2012 to 2017). Mr Te Ahuru was remanded in custody and will reappear in the Manukau District Court for sentencing on November 30.
- This week relieving Deputy Commissioner of Police, Andrew Coster, confirmed that two formal complaints have been received by police over alleged bullying by Deputy Commissioner Wally Haumaha. Mr Haumaha has been the subject of the Government Inquiry into the Appointment Process for a Deputy Commissioner of Police. We also note on Wednesday Mareikura Collier, a former police chaplain, commenced a hunger strike in support of Deputy Police Commissioner Wally Haumaha.
- On Wednesday the Māori Party announced the resignation of Marama Fox as the co-leader of the party.
- Four wāhine Māori projects successfully secured funding to celebrate the 125-year anniversary of the New Zealand suffrage movement. The projects are:
- Mana Wāhine Whakatāne $10,727 (Whakatāne);
- Pūrākau Hākui $10,000 (Manawātu);
- Tino Rangatiratanga Wahine $12,500 (Wellington);
- Taihoa e hoa: Natives be Woke $8,327 (Otago).
 Ms Whaitiri’s portfolios include Minister of Customs, Associate Minister of Agriculture, Associate Minister for Crown Māori Relations, Associate Minister of Forestry and Associate Minister of Local Government
 It is reported Ms Whaitiri offered to stand down, and that offer was accepted by the Prime Minister – although in reality it seems reasonable to conclude in these circumstances that Ms Whaitiri was or would have been required to stand down anyway during the investigation period.
- Leith Comer (Ngāti Rangitihi, Ngai Tahu, Ngāti Pahuwera, Te Arawa) and Fiona Cassidy (Ngāti Kuri, Te Aupouri, Te Rarawa) have been appointed to the Veterans Advisory Board. Mr Comer will chair the board.
- Marama Fox, a former Member of Parliament for the Māori Party, had her consultancy company liquidated this week over an unpaid debt, reportedly of circa $30,000 to an ICT company. Associate Judge Ken Johnston of the Wellington High Court made the liquidation order against Marama Fox Consultancy Group Tapui Limited.
- Applications for the Te Pūtake o te Riri | Wars and Conflicts in New Zealand Fund are now being accepted. Te Pūtake o te Riri is a fund which supports whānau, hapū and iwi to initiate, promote and deliver activities and events that commemorate the New Zealand Land Wars. https://tpk.govt.nz/en/whakamahia/te-putake-o-te-riri-wars-and-conflicts-in-new-zeal
- Ngā Taonga Tuku Iho – A Māori Cultural and Intellectual Property Issues Conference will be held 16 -18 September in Nelson. For programme details see weblink below.
https://www.taongatukuiho.com/On Thursday the Minister of Education Chris Hipkins announced that Te Wharekura o Ngāti Rongomai, (Rotorua) will receive $10 million for new buildings.
- Today the Minister of Education Chris Hipkins announced the cancellation of the integration agreement for Hato Petera College, effective immediately. This decision will come as no surprise to readers.
- On Tuesday the Associate Minister of Education, Kelvin Davis, announced that a series of over twenty hui are being held across the country to discuss ways to improve Māori education. As these wānanga have commenced the Minister’s release is tardy; but the intent to ensure a wide range of input is received is positive. We recommend subscribers with an interest in Māori education matters attend; as it is time now for the Government to review its Māori education strategy, Ka Hikitia. (Note presently the strategy for 2018 onwards contains only three dot-points and is predominately a blank white page.)
Ministry of Education Māori Education Wānanga
Date and Time
Lower Hutt 4 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Lower Hutt Events Centre, Lower Hutt Opotiki 5 September 2018
10:00am – 2:00pm
Opotiki College, Opotiki Masterton 6 September 2018,
Copthorne Hotel, Masterton New Plymouth 11 September 2018
2:00 – 4:00pm
Quality Hotel, New Plymouth Te Kuiti 11 September 2018
Waikato, TBA Whangānui 11 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Hawera/ Manawatu- Whangānui, TBA Coromandel 12 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Manaia/Coromandel, TBA Whangānui 12 September 2018
2:00 – 4:00pm
Cooks Gardens, Whangānui Whangānui 12 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Cooks Gardens, Whangānui Gisborne 13 September 2018
10:30am – 2:00pm
Te Wānanga o Aotearoa, Gisborne Hamilton 13 September 2018
Waikato, TBA Ruatoria 14 September 2018
10:30am – 2:00pm
Ngata Memorial College, Ruatora Palmerston North 14 September 2018
2:00pm – 4:00pm
Distinction Hotel, Palmerston North Palmerston North 14 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Distinction Hotel, Palmerston North Whangārei 17 September 2018
12:00 – 4:00pm
ASB Stadium, Whangārei Kaitaia 18 September 2018
10:00am – 2:00pm
Te Ahu Centre, Kaitaia, Northland Keri Keri 19 September 2018
10:00am – 2:00pm
Turners Centre, Keri Keri, Northland Auckland 22 September 2018
Alexandra Park, Auckland South Auckland 24 September 2018
Vodafone Events Centre, South Auckland North Auckland 25 September 2018
North Shore Stadium, North Auckland Hastings 27 September 2018
4:30 – 8:30pm
Heretaunga Taiwhenua, Hastings Southland 9 October 2018
Southland, TBA Chatham Island 10 October 2018
Chatham Island, TBA
- Yesterday Meka Whaitiri, a Minister outside of Cabinet, was stood down from her ministerial duties while an investigation is carried out into a staffing matter. There are media reports of an altercation occurring, allegedly leading to a person being pushed out a door. The investigation is being undertaken by Ministerial Services. Ms Whaitiri’s portfolios include Minister of Customs, Associate Minister of Agriculture, Associate Minister for Crown Māori Relations, Associate Minister of Forestry and Associate Minister of Local Government. Ms Whaitiri is the Member of Parliament for Ikaroa Rawhiti.
 It is reported Ms Whaitiri offered to stand down, and that offer was accepted by the Prime Minister – although in reality it seems reasonable to conclude in these circumstances that Ms Whaitiri was or would have been required to stand down anyway during the investigation period.
The Department of Conservation has now joined a co-governance partnership with Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu for the care of Te Waihora / Lake Ellesmere. (Other existing co-governors are Environment Canterbury, Selwyn District Council and the Christchurch City Council.) The Department administers parcels of land around the lake, and has responsibilities for the care of inanga (whitebait) in the lake. Te Waihora is presently badly polluted from nutrient run off from surrounding lands. Subscribers may recall that our Budget reviews show this Department has consistently under-delivered on its Māori-focused initiatives – i.e. exceedingly sluggish with its actions and no clear results to report – so it’s more active involvement here on a matter of particular importance to Ngāi Tahu is a positive development (even if they should have joined long ago). Pānui 19/2018 refers.
Hikurangi Cannabis Ltd has been issued a license by the Ministry of Health to grow specific strains of cannabis plants for medicinal purposes. This is a Ruatoria-based company which has community and corporate shareholdings and investment; meaning if this business is successful then a proportion of profits will ultimately be returned to the Hikurangi Huataukina Trust (which supports communities between Waipiro Bay and Rangitukia.) Note the Government presently has legislation before Parliament which proposes amendments to the Misuse of Drugs Act, to allow for some uses of medicinal cannabis. Hikurangi Cannabis will need this amendment to pass into law before they can commence sales (Pānui 2/2018 refers).
 Plus other areas on the East Coast.
- Traci Houpapa ((Waikato Maniapoto, Taranaki, Tūwharetoa) has been appointed to the Treasury Board as a non- executive director.
- La Verna King (Ngāti Kahu, Ngāti Paoa, Ngāti Kahungunu) has been appointed to a newly formed Independent panel which will consider the 2014 family justice reforms as they relate to resolving disputes about parenting arrangements or guardianship matters including the effectiveness of out-of-court processes, with a focus on any differential impacts on Māori children. The panel will report to the Minister of Justice with its recommendations no later than May 2019.
- Today the Minister for Maori Development Nanaia Mahuta released the draft Māori language strategy Maihi Karauna. Pānui will provide a comprehensive review of Maihi Karauna next week E26 10 August 2018. Public consultation closes 30 September. https://www.tpk.govt.nz/en/a-matou-kaupapa/maihi-karauna
- A grouping of Crown Ministers are meeting with the Iwi Leaders Forum today to discuss freshwater rights. The group includes three Labour Party Cabinet Ministers, and James Shaw from the Green Party, but notably not Shane Jones from the New Zealand First Party. Mr Jones has already publicly indicated New Zealand First will not support an iwi-collective water rights settlement under any conditions (and he personally will not even meet with the iwi leaders as a single grouping, only as individual iwi). Possibly to appease the situation (or more sceptically to demonstrate efforts of Treaty partnership in advance of any legal action from the collective), Ministers will seek to discuss Māori business and economic development opportunities within the water storage sector. e. bottling opportunities, irrigation for Māori land, improved supply for marae, and the like.
- Ngāpuhi Treaty settlement discussions are continuing with the sixth meeting held between the Ministers for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations, Andrew Little, and two representatives from Te Kōtahitanga (Rudy Taylor and Pita Tipene) and two from Tūhoronuku (Hone Sadler and Sonny Tau.) Wider consultation with iwi members is expected to recommence soon.
- Dr Pauline Kingi CMNZ has stepped down as leader for the Government Inquiry into the Appointment Process for a Deputy Commissioner of Police, Wally Haumaha. Dr Kingi had previously endorsed the professional competencies of Mr Haumaha on a social media website.
- Last week general media reported that the Serious Fraud Office searched and removed documents from the Office of the Māori King. The search follows an investigation by the Charities Service into the spending of funds received by the now deregistered Ururangi Trust. Previously, from 2008 the Ururangi Trust received up tp $1.6 million annually from Waikato/Tainui, in order to support the Office of the Māori King.
- Napier based social enterprise group “LIFT” have been awarded $375,000 to deliver a work readiness programme Poutama Rangatahi Hikina to 75 youth not in education, employment or training (NEET) across Hawke’s Bay.
This quarterly review provides a summary of significant Māori focused social, economic and Treaty policy developments for the period 1 April to 30 June 2018.
Within the quarter we reviewed 12 data set publications, 10 research reports, 8 Government policy / legislative issues. Information summaries are provided within the following appendices.
- Appendix 1 – Social Policy Items;
- Appendix 2 – Economic Policy Items;
- Appendix 3 – Treaty of Waitangi Matters and;
- Appendix 4 – Political Items
This quarter there have been three Māori focused policy items of salient note:
- Budget 2018/19 reduced specific Māori Development funds – the Finance Minister said this is because Te Puni Kōkiri had not used past money, and that Māori are gaining outcomes elsewhere; whereas the Minister for Māori Development denied (wrongly) that was the Budget reality;
- Whānau Ora is to be externally reviewed – although a Te Puni Kōkiri evaluation released this month of the initiative finds no issues arising; and
- the Government has rejected building a mega prison at Waikeria instead a 500 bed rebuild will be undertaken, linked to a 100 bed secure mental health facility, a policy decision which suggests greater awareness of the significant link between criminal offending and poor mental health.
These items are further discussed below. Further information is available within the appendices and Pānui editions as referenced.
Social Policy Matters
Overview of Socio-Economic Matters
Data released this quarter continues to show ongoing socio-economic disparities presenting between Māori and other New Zealanders, with no significant positive or negative change. Two key statistics for the quarter are that:
- 97,400 Māori (aged 18-64 years) and their household whānau are welfare reliant – this is circa 26% of working age Māori adults; and
- 6% of Māori in the labour force were unemployed, (33,100 people). By comparison, the New Zealand overall unemployment rate was about half of that, at 4.4%
Education Sector Summary
This quarter the New Zealand Qualifications Authority released the 2017 NCEA results; which showed around 74% of Year 12 Māori learners achieved NCEA level 2. This was about the same as the previous year, and ten percentile points below non-Māori. Research and ideas for addressing schooling disparities continued to be tabled, with a discussion on racial bias making it into the official policy papers as one rationale for reforming the school sector.
More positively, new research on literacy shows significant gains across the Māori population over the last decade – with 81% of Māori now having fair or better English language literacy (which is needed for workforce gains). Te Reo literacy is also strong, with Māori school learners found to be enjoying this subject and also out-performing others across the board. This success perhaps links back to the racial bias / differing cultural capital discussion – i.e. if most teachers were Māori and taught subjects such as maths and science from a Māori perspective (as Te Reo is) would the results across the nation be different? Other education items of note:
- The Treasury contributed to the disparity discussion with research that confirmed the obvious conclusion that students who change schools a lot are at educational risk – and they noted Māori more than others are in this grouping;
- the Ministry of Education’s tertiary research analyst released a report that confirms that greater proportions of Māori study at the lower levels in the tertiary education sector (linked to lower school qualifications). The result of the tertiary education outcome is that a qualification disadvantage presents within the workforce thereby suppressing Māori wages and employment opportunities;
- research about the Youth Guarantee initiative was released, which shows the programme is successful in keeping students engaged in education (good), but that links to tertiary level 4 study and industry training / apprenticeships and the like, are not clearly proven (not good). e. whilst these students (many are Māori) undertake trade preparation type courses, the initiative is not actually giving them a direct pathway into employment within the trade sectors.
Health Sector Summary
In the health sector, as always, an assortment of research data was published. This quarter disparities were shown in areas such as tamariki deaths, abortion rates, children with “major social, emotional and/or behavioural problems”, elderly nutrition, colorectal cancer, and non-seat belt wearing car accident deaths. Probably all well intended studies and data sets, but collectively all reflecting the differences in how Māori and non-Māori live so differently within the same geopolitical terra firma.
The key item within the health sector, however, was the announcement of a major review of how services work. We note, in regard to the review, Health Minister David Clark states, “we need to face up to the fact that our health system does not deliver equally well for all. We know our Māori and Pacific peoples have worse health outcomes and shorter lives. That is something we simply cannot accept.” Given the above data, which is relentless every quarter in showing some form of health disparity, in our view the Minister could not be more veridical.
Housing Sector Summary
In the housing sector Minister Phil Twyford (re)announced $63.4 million funding for ‘Housing First Fund’, which is focusing on increasing houses available for vulnerable families. The need for this was also (re)confirmed with the Ministry of Social Development also releasing its public housing quarterly report, to 31 March 2018. The report finds that 36% (23,600-odd) public housing tenants are Māori. That is disproportionately high, given Māori are 15% of the total population. In addition, there is a register of who needs a house and qualify for assistance, but do not have one – of these people we advise 44% are Māori (circa 3,500 tangata.)
Overall this type of data points towards housing being an issue of prominence for Māori – i.e. over 10% of all Māori may be living in or needing state/public housing – compared with about 1% of non-Māori. The next policy action required from this Ministry is to better link this data with sole-parent and gender information, as indicative links with household income data point towards sole-mothers, mainly Māori, being the grouping disproportionately in need.
Justice Sector Summary
There were two key items within the justice sector this quarter of relevance to Māori. First, as above, the Government announced it would not build a mega prison at Waikeria, but it would rebuild a smaller prison, and a 100-bed secure mental health facility. While this is well short of the radical tikanga Māori prison proposal Minister Kelvin Davis broached back when he was in opposition, it is a step towards better recognising the strong link between criminal offending and poor mental health. The Government’s Waikeria decision ties in well with the second item of note: robust research from the Office of the Prime Minister’s Chief Scientific Advisor showing that early intervention works best in preventing offending. This is partially because young offenders often have mental health issues: for example, alcohol or drug dependencies, which can be addressed early thereby mitigating offending and other social ills. Note also this quarter the Ministry of Health released a research report indicating perhaps 12% of Māori children, around 23,000, may have what they classified as ‘significant social, emotional and/or behavioural problems’.
In our assessment while there has been a known link between criminal offending and health previously, there does appear to be a conceptual shift away from the notion that some people are ‘criminals’ (full stop), towards an understanding that many people who commit offences do so because of a period of poor mental health, which means they do not appropriately regulate their own behaviours. This discussion is particularly important for Māori, as about half of the people incarcerated in New Zealand prisons are Māori, and Māori also have much higher rates of reported mental health issues. Accordingly, the scientific recommendation to focus on mitigation of poor health and behaviour issues early in life does present as a sensible basis for new policies, including the proposal that Māori approaches be used to support Māori tamariki. This in our view is ‘not rocket science’, but it is now published scientific research none the less.
Social Sector Summary
In the social wellbeing sector, as noted above, 97,000 Māori households are welfare reliant. Statistics New Zealand also released data which showed poor households such as these face greater inflation pressures. A link to the increased price of tobacco was made, implying tobacco consumption is detrimental to household finances, not just population health. In addition, funding to reduce family violence was also (re)announced; and The Treasury released a report indicating they are still beavering away somewhere on what wellbeing might actually be; (possibly it will mean having more money to pay the bills, having a home, being free of violence and the like, but they have not landed it just yet). A separate Māori wellbeing framework is also being considered by The Treasury. (We note Whānau Ora contains a solid Māori wellbeing framework, but The Treasury does not acknowledge its existence.)
The annual evaluation of Whānau Ora was released by Te Puni Kōkiri (TPK). We found it to be a weak evaluation report which identified no issues arising and continued to under-explain this initiative. Ironically, that report was released (without a Ministerial forward) just weeks after the Government announced it would review Whānau Ora, and with terms of reference that clearly signals that transparency and accountability are items for improvement. We interpret that as a vote of no-confidence in TPK in this work area. However, perhaps more directly relevant to many Māori whānau (circa one-third) is that this quarter the Government confirmed that it would review the entire welfare system. Quite what this entails is not yet clear.
The major economic item for the quarter is the Government’s Budget, released in May. Overall the Government is forecasting an operating surplus of $3.1 billion, even after taking into account its new spending. But as advised above, for Vote: Māori Development funding is to drop, this year, and every year forecast afterwards. As previously noted Finance Minister Grant Robertson says the drop in Vote: Māori Development reflects programmes that Te Puni Kōkiri did not deliver on being removed from the Budget – so again an implicit vote of no confidence for TPK, which is presenting as somewhat under siege. In his view, however, Māori whānau are estimated to receive $1.5 billion more in services through the Government’s wider programmes, such as the Families Package: however we can see no means for the Government to evidence that estimate.
In our assessment, funds removed from Te Puni Kōkiri will reduce its policy function from this year – effectively retarding its ability to give advice on the impact of mainstream programmes on Māori. This is despite the fact that there are service gaps – i.e. disparities being experienced by Māori in all social areas, including health, education and housing – some of which are shown in the discussion above.
We note there has been no consultation with Māori, and no explanation as to why Māori Development funds went unspent last year. The denials of funding cuts by Ministers Mahuta and Jackson do not help the situation. In short, the Labour Party holds all seven Māori electoral seats in Parliament and has the largest number of Māori members of Cabinet than at any time previously. At both Ratana and Waitangi Day earlier this year the Government indicated it would increase Māori services, so it follows some Māori voters may feel betrayed by this Budget, and particularly by the Minister for Māori Development, Nanaia Mahuta, who so far has tabled no clear initiatives nor policy plan for Māori Development. The pressure will be on her to deliver something in next year’s Budget; and she will also need to either express a higher level of confidence in Te Puni Kōkiri or to propose something better.
Pānui also reviewed other Vote areas in regard to Māori specific funding. Information is provided in the appendices: there were no radical changes of note.
Other Economic Matters
Six other economic matters of note are listed below.
- The consultancy firm TDB Advisory released a report summarising the financial performance of eight iwi, from 2011 to 2017. The iwi groups are Ngāi Tahu, Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Whātua o Ōrakei, Rangitāne o Wairau, Raukawa, Ngāi Tūhoe and Waikato-Tainui. All have made money, a few have made lots of money (e.g. Waikato-Tainui had a strong financial year), with very good returns on their investments.
- The Productivity Commission released a draft report on climate change, proposing new legislation and a new Commission to assist future Governments achieve a low emission economy. For Māori they suggest a Treaty of Waitangi clause would be useful for incoming legislation, combined with some type of Māori advisory committee.
- The Ministry for the Environment also published work on climate change, with a report from its technical working group being released. This group has a range of recommendations to reduce emissions, and for Māori specifically they suggest the Government “commission mātauranga Māori-led measures that reflect cultural impacts of climate change and are developed and managed by iwi/hapū”.
- The Land and Water Forum released a new report focusing on how to prevent degradation of water quality, particularly sediment and nitrogen pollutants. In relation to Māori, the Forum repeats its views that Māori interests in water (i.e. any proprietary and usage rights) are in their ‘too-hard’ basket, and thus the Crown needs to address such matters directly. They point out the current situation is creating uncertainty which undermines long term investment decisions needed to improve water quality. Hence their recommendation that “Central government must, as a priority, work with iwi to reach agreement on how to resolve rights and interests in fresh water.”.
- The Government announced that the offshore block offers for oil and gas exploration permits will end (i.e. no new offers to be made). The block offer was an annual tender process established by the former National led Government that allowed for oil and gas companies to bid for permits. Many iwi groups had petitioned about oil exploration in their respective off-shore areas.
- The Government has announced it is reviewing consumer credit regulations, of interest as Māori are identified as one grouping at risk – which is no surprise given the high percentage of welfare reliance noted above.
Waitangi Tribunal Matters
This quarter the Waitangi Tribunal released its report on its Whakatōhea Mandate Inquiry. The Tribunal found the Crown breached the Treaty of Waitangi by prioritising its objective of seeking to conclude a Treaty settlement over processes that were fair to the hapū groupings within Whakatōhea. Thus the decision to recognise the pre-settlement Trust mandate was found not to be fair, reasonable or made in good faith. This is consistent with the Tribunal’s view in other areas: that mandate issues, including hapū consent must be satisfactorily resolved before the Crown pushes ahead with negotiations.
This quarter Parliament made progress with five Treaty settlements; with two of these reaching conclusion and thus becoming law. The groupings were:
- Ngāti Rangi (legislation introduced to Parliament);
- Ngāti Porou and Ngāti Tamaoho (both had respective second readings);
- Heretaunga Tamatea and Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki both had their respective third readings – thereby concluding these two settlements of circa $100 million and $13 million respectively.
Government and Parliamentary Matters
In addition to the above sector issues, we note three further Parliamentary matters of note this quarter.
- Adding to the Treaty settlement concerns of Whakatōhea, the Minister for Māori Development has advised she has asked for an independent review of the governance and management of the Whakatōhea Trust Board;
- A Bill to entrench Māori electoral seats was introduced to Parliament.
- Referenda were held by five local bodies in regard to the establishment of Māori wards – in all cases the notion of Māori wards was rejected by voters. This situation of predominantly non-Māori voters determining how Māori voters may be represented within local Government presents to us as manifestly unjust. The matter is discussed within Pānui 15/2018.
 This data is from Statistics New Zealand and the Ministry of Social Development data sets.
 It will drop by $2 million in the year ahead (even after setting aside all extraordinary increases this year), and by $17 million over the next four years.
 Their answers to Parliamentary Questions have been provided in Pānui so that subscribers can determine for themselves the integrity of the responses given to challenging questions.
 The Ngāti Porou Bill relates to marine and foreshore matters.