- Last week the Minister of Conservation, Kiritapu Allan announced a new collaborative agreement between iwi groups in Northland (Te Roroa, Te Rarawa, Ngāti Wai, and Ngāti Kurī) and the Crown to counter against Kauri dieback. The project will receive $3.5 million for up to 30 jobs to address the spread of the disease and better protect Kauri forests in the North.
- The Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage, Carmel Sepuloni, has announced a new $5.7 million contestable fund to support Māori with projects that safeguard their mātauranga and taonga on marae, from the ongoing threat of COVID-19. She states,
“The Mātauranga Māori Marae Ora Fund offers support for a range of marae-based projects. This includes the development of conservation plans for whare and wharenui arts, the establishment of harvest areas for cultural materials such as pā harakeke and tōtara, and the preservation of taonga such as waka tīwai, korowai and photographs. Funding is also available to assist with the creation of archives, small whare taonga or publications as a way to both preserve and provide access to mātauranga and taonga on marae.”
- Minister Sepuloni, in her role as Minister for Social Development, also announced $2,65 million in funding for three further initiatives under the He Poutama Rangatahi schedule (an initiative to support youth into education or employment). The programmes receiving funding are:
- Bros For Change Charitable Trust; $1.55 million to support 60 rangatahi over three years;
- Te Rūnanga o Toa Rangatira; $800,000 to support 60 rangatahi over two years; and
- Talent Rise Foundation (NZ); $300,000 to support 45 young people over two years.
- Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei held a protest march this week against the Crown’s approach of offering redress to other iwi from areas in which they consider they have exclusive tangata whenua rights. The High Court hearing on the matter commences this week. (Pānui 19/2015 refers.)
- Earlier in the week Māori Party Member of Parliament, Rawiri Waititi, was order to leave Parliament’s debating chamber after refusing to wear a necktie – but following that the rules got changed, to better accommodate a broader range of culturally appropriate attire.
- On Tuesday The Local Electoral (Māori Wards and Māori Constituencies) Amendment Bill was read a first time and referred to the Māori Affairs Committee, to be reported by 15 February 2021. Pānui 2/2021 refers.
- There have been a number of media reports this week regarding allegations of institutional racism at Unitec / Te Whare Wānanga o Wairaka. Tui Ah Loo, who was the Chair of the institute’s independent Māori rūnanga, has resigned in protest (she had also been a long-time staff member, and her whānau has had significant involvement with the institute. One allegation noted in the media is that there are now no Māori involved in the management of the organisation, and another is that Māori viewpoints are not being genuinely heard. These claims follow separate allegations of racism at Waikato University last year, and debate on the Otago University ‘Mirror on Society’ policy (Pānui 34/2020 refers).
- This week the National Party has indicated that it will work towards standing candidates in the Māori electorate seats again. This was perhaps a message party leader, Judith Collins, was considering reiterating at Waitangi, however due to logistical confusions (not a ban on woman leaders speaking) the opportunity for her to present the idea more fully did not arise.
- As noted earlier Matariki is to become a public holiday. To figure out when each year, and to provide wider guidance, the Government has established a Matariki Advisory Group. Members are Professor Rangiānehu Mātāmua (chair), Hoturoa Barclay-Kerr, Rereata Makiha, Victoria Campbell, Dr Pauline Harris, Dr Ruakere Hond and Jack Thatcher.
- Shadrach Rolleston has been appointed as one of four commissioners to lead the Tauranga City Council.
 Note: the primary producer of Pānui, Will Workman, has a potential conflict of interest in regards to this matter. Because of that any analysis of this situation undertaken by Pānui will be undertaken by a separate analyst/writer.
- Last Saturday, Māori Academic, Dr Mānuka Henare, passed away aged 78 years. We acknowledge Dr Henare for his professionalism and guidance. E te rangatira, e moe, e moe i roto i te manaakitanga katoa.
- The Serious Fraud Office has brought fraud charges against Roger Pikia, Mr Pikia has been charged with ‘Obtaining by deception’; ‘Corrupt acceptance of gift by an agent’; ‘Receiving a secret reward for procuring a contract’; ‘Perverting the course of justice’; and ‘Conspiracy to commit an offence’. The charges are in relation to his former role as chairman of Te Arawa River Iwi Trust (TARIT) and its investment company THL Limited (THL). Mr Pikia has indicated he will be defending the charges; and we remind us all that under the Bill of Rights Act people are presumed innocent unless proven guilty in a court of law.
- On December 16, the interim report on the Abuse in Care Royal Commission of Inquiry was published. The report entitled Tāwharautia: Pūrongo o te Wā summarises the Inquiry’s work to date. We are considering this item for further review.
- Most Government agencies have now released their ‘BIMs’ – briefings to incoming Ministers. We are reviewing key items pertinent to Māori policy and intent to subscribers on these matters over the coming weeks.
- This year’s annual Rātana Church celebrations (held 22 – 25 January) was open to church members only and did not accommodate political party leaders as it had in previous years. Internal issues have been cited as the reason for the closed celebration. The event celebrates the birthday of the Māori prophet and Rātana Church founder, Tahupōtiki Wīremu Rātana, (1873-1939).
- This week MediaWorks terminated its contract with John Banks as a talk back radio host, after Mr Banks appeared to agree and support a caller who stated that Māori were “stone age people with a stone age culture” and “genetically predisposed to crime, alcohol addiction and educational underperformance.” As a talk back host Mr Banks was expected to shutdown racist tripe but did the opposite. He has not apologised for his inaction but has stated he is not racist. (Mr Banks is a former Auckland Mayor and former National Party Cabinet Minister.)
- In December the Minister for Social Development and Employment, Carmel Sepuloni, announced the successful organisations which have been awarded He Poutama Rangatahi funding. The purpose of He Poutama Rangatahi is to increase long-term employment opportunities for Māori and Pacific rangatahi. Statistics NZ data indicates there are circa 28,000 Māori aged 15 to 24 years not in any education, training or employment (Pānui 37/2020 refers.) The total funding awarded is circa $4 million. The successful organisations are listed on the following page.
Organisation Location Programme Brief Funding Te Ara Rangatahi Charitable Trust Franklin, Waikato 12-month programme includes intensive pastoral care with a strong focus on building participants’ cultural identity and connections. The programme will support 60 rangatahi onto employment pathways in the trade industries, particularly scaffolding. $639,000 Te Taiwhenua o Heretaunga Trust Hastings/ Hawke’s Bay Extension of two years for Learners 2 Earners – Takatū Youth Mentoring Programme. A programme which supports 53 Hastings rangatahi into further education or employment. The programme also provides intensive support for 180 rangatahi, helping them gain driver licences with passenger, forklift, heavy trade, wheels, and tracks and rollers endorsements. $390,000 The Limery Napier/ Hawke’s Bay 20 rangatahi will receive on the job training in the citrus and horticultural sector. In addtion the programme will provide general employment skills and pastoral support. $200,000 Aotearoa Social Enterprise Trust Tairāwhiti Two year extension of the ASET Poutama Rangatahi pre-employment training programme. The programme will assist 60 young people in Kaiti. $850,000 Nga Hau E Wha Maara Kai Charitable Trust Taumarunui Hands on employment readiness and entrepreneurial skills programme for 40 participants. The programme is a
tikanga-based education in maara kai (vegetable growing and community gardening) and Te Haemata (native nursery and commercial practices). Participants also receive pastoral care and practical learning in areas such as beekeeping, riparian planting, horticulture, sustainability practices and managing community projects.
$513,000 Muaūpoko Tribal Authority Horowhenua Tō Ake Ara Tātou will enable 48 young people in the Horowhenua region to discover their potential, build confidence and access the support and tools needed to succeed. Participants receive pastoral care and experience in volunteer work, cultural activities, environmental stewardship, caring for kaumātua or other whanau, and pre-employment training such as budgeting and drivers’ licensing. $765,000 Kāpiti Coast District Council Ōtaki/ Kāpati Coast Extension of Te Hunga Rangatahi, an existing in-school programme targeting 70 Ōtaki rangatahi who are not in employment, education or training (NEET), and who are most at risk of long-term unemployment. The council will sub-contract Work Ready Kāpiti to provide skills training and work experience, and Te Puna Oranga o Ōtaki to provide pastoral support services. $995,000
- On Monday the Electoral Commission published enrolment and voting numbers for the 2020 General Election. Overall, circa, 2,894,500 people voted in the 2020 General Election (83% of the total enrolled), of which 390,310 were of Māori descent (73% of the total of Māori enrolled). The Māori voting number increased by 15% from the 2017 General Election and 11% for all voters.
- On Monday WorkSafe New Zealand filed charges against thirteen parties (10 organisations and three company directors) in relation to the Whakaari/White Island eruption on 22 December 2019. The eruption caused the death of twenty-two people and the injury and long-term disability of many survivors. White Island Tours’ chief executive, Paul Quinn, has confirmed that the company has been charged with two breaches of the Health and Safety at Work Act, however, no employees or directors of the company have been charged. We advise Ngāti Awa purchased White Island Tours in 2017.
- On Saturday, 5 December, Raukawa Settlement Trust will hold their Annual General Meeting at the South Waikato Event Centre, Tokoroa. Starting 9:30am.
Appointments and Awards
- On Tuesday, Shane Reti was promoted to the role of Deputy Leader of the National Party. Dr Reti is also the National Party spokesperson for Health, and spokesperson for Children.
- Last week the 2020 Research Honours Aotearoa Awards were held at Government House. Successful award recipients included:
- Professor Rawinia Higgins – Pou Aronui Award for contribution in revitalising te reo Māori;
- Professor David Tipene-Leach MNZM – Tahunui-a-Rangi Award for invention and creation;
- Associate Professor Maria Bargh – Te Puāwaitanga Award for distinctive contribution to Te Ao Māori and indigenous knowledge.
Parliamentary and Related Matters
- Last Friday the 2020 General Election and Referendums Official Result were published. After the special vote count the Labour Party gained a further 0.9% of the party votes, the Green Party gained a further 0.3%, and the Māori Party gained a further 0.2%. This result was sufficient for the Māori Party to secure one list seat. Accordingly, Māori Party co-leader, Debbie Ngarewa-Packer, will now enter Parliament. This means when Parliament recommences there will be 25 Māori members. This is two more Māori entering Parliament from the 2017 election – and equates to circa 21% of the total 120 seats, this is well above the proportion of Māori in the population, which is 16%.
|Final Election Results|
|Party||Party Votes||% of Votes||Electorate Seats||List Seats||Total Seats|
Seabed mining dispute continues
- Next week the Supreme Court will hear the appeal of Trans-Tasman Resources Limited (TTRL) regarding their application for Seabed Mining. Essentially the company wants the Supreme Court to overturn decisions of the High Court and Court of Appeal that respectively quashed and then ruled against their application for the seabed mining off the Taranaki coast.
For more context, the TTRL application was successfully challenged in the High Court after the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA), had ruled in favour of TTRL’s for this activity in 2017 (see footnote below on more details about this decision). It was the company’s second application, as it was first turned down by the EPA in 2014, but the company simply immediately reapplied (there is no legal limit or restrictions on reapplications). The appellants against the seabed mining application included Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Ruanui, Te Ohu Kai Moana, Te Kaahui o Rauru, as well as environmental and fisheries groups.
Further, giving this matter more heat , the Attorney-General, David Parker, is also now supporting the appeal to the Supreme Court, to clarify matters of law in relation to “te Tiriti o Waitangi, Māori customary interests and the applicability of tikanga to marine and marine consent discharge applications” – which the lower Courts considered in their decision-making processes against TTRL. A spokesperson for Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Ruanui, Debbie Ngarewa-Packer, has expressed concern at this querying by the Attorney-General, suggesting the Government is seeking to narrow the Courts interpretation of Te Tiriti o Waitangi. Ms Ngarewa-Packer is of course, now a member of Parliament as well (Māori Party). So in our view this challenge to the Supreme Court has both political dimensions and wider Te Tiriti o Waitangi implications as to whether and how Te Tiriti ought to guide natural resource usage decisions or not.
In terms of the actual matter at hand, TTRL wishes to mine 50 million tonnes of seabed material per year for twenty years, to extract iron ore. (So 1 billion tonnes of sand in total, and given the average weight of sand that’s about 741 million square metres of sand – so it is a truly massive operational proposal). If allowed this would be in a 66 square kilometre area about 30 kilometres off the South Taranaki coast. In simple terms we understand the plan is to vacuum up the sand and other material from the seabed to a ship, then use a magnet on the ship to grab the iron ore, then pump the depleted sand back on the seabed. The remaining iron ore would then be shipped off to China for productive use – which happens to be the country where TTRL investment funds have come from. (Meaning there is also an unvoiced economic question as to whether New Zealand’s nature resources should be sold to China in this way, and if so, at what cost.)
The public environmental debate however is that this is a new experimental industry, with unknown environmental risks. One key concern opponents have expressed is the 45 million tonnes of material being returned to the ocean each year (think 33 million square metres worth) won’t just settle, but could just drift like massive clouds in the ocean, choking out sunlight and thus destabilising the marine sea life chain, resulting in the death of many species of plants, fish, other marine life and seabirds, etc. TTRL do not think this will happen however, they think the sand will just return to normal, less the iron ore. The Taranaki iwi groupings, however are not prepared to take the risk, and consider their kaitiaki duties compel them to stop this proposal. The iwi viewpoint reflects findings of the Te Kupenga survey (see above), around Māori views of the environment and stewardship responsibilities.
 In 2017 the EPA decision-making panel reconsidered the matter, but their views were split, meaning the Chair, Alick Shaw, used a casting vote to greenlight the second application. It was that process which was appealed to the High Court. At the time we noted that Mr Shaw ought to have been required to consider advice from the EPA’s Māori Advisory Committee before reaching his decision, but that did not occur (potentially making that Committee toothless); and highlighting another deficiency in regulatory settings.
 There is also the question as to why the law allowed for a second application anyhow – as such an approach favours parties with the most resources and presents as badly crafted law. I.e. a minimum stand-down period and rationale for reconsiderations ought to be within the legal framework
Appointments and Awards
- On Monday Dr Cherryl Waerea-i-Te-Rangi Smith received the Health Research Council’s Te Tohu Rapuora Medal for outstanding Māori health leadership, excellence, and contribution.
- On Tuesday Annie Aranui, Dr Nicholas Jones and Keti Tipene received the New Zealand Public Service Medal. The New Zealand Public Service Medal is awarded to public servants who have given meritorious service.
- On Tuesday Sally Araipu, Canon Pania Houkamau-Ngaheu, and Bella Perahurihuri Tarawhiti received a Public Service Commissioner’s Commendation for Frontline Excellence.
- This week mainstream media reported that the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) had now laid charges against two people in regards to funding belonging to Te Arawa River Iwi (refer Pānui 18/ 2016).
- This week Ngāi Tahu lodged a statement of claim in the Christchurch High Court seeking recognition of its rangatiratanga over the freshwater in the Ngāi Tahu takiwā. This is, in their view, a means to address the ongoing degradation of awa (rivers) and moana (lakes) caused by environmental mismanagement.
- Te Rūnanga-Ā-Iwi-Ō-Ngāpuhi will hold their 2020 Annual General Meeting (AGM) on Saturday, 14 November 2020, from 10:00am, at Ōtātara Marae, Waima.
- Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu and the Ngāi Tahu Charitable Trust respectively, will hold their 2020 Annual General Meetings (AGM) on Saturday, 21 November 2020, from 2:00pm, at Te Whare o Te Waipounamu, Addington, Christchurch.
- Last week Statistics New Zealand published data sets from the Census 2018 on housing quality, income, and access to telecommunications for people living with a disability. Key findings relevant to Māori living with a disability were:
- 13% live within a dwelling which is always damp compared to 6% for all people living with a disability;
- 3% have no access to telecommunications systems compared to 1.7% for all people living with a disability; and
- 55% earn less than $20,000 per year compared to 49% for all people living with a disability.
- Glenis Philip-Barbara has been appointed Assistant (Māori) Commissioner for Children.
- Trevor Simpson has been appointed Chief Māori Advisor for Pharmac.
- Last Friday the Minister of Health, Chris Hipkins, announced the winners of the annual Minister of Health Volunteer Awards. The winning recipients included;
- Patricia (Patu) Sigley – winner Māori Health Volunteer Award;
- Patricia (Patu) Sigley – overall winner of the 2020 Minister of Health Volunteer Awards;
- Piki Thomas – runner up Māori Health Volunteer Award.
- Last Friday, a Memorandum of Understanding to protect, restore and enhance the mauri of Kaipara Moana was signed between Ngā Maunga Whakahī, Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei, Te Roroa, Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whātua, Te Uri o Hau (collectively known as Kaipara Uri), Northland Regional Council, Auckland Council and the Crown.
- On Wednesday Te Rangihiroa Whakaruru was sentenced in the Auckland District Court to 12-months home detention, a further six months of post release conditions, 300 hours of community service, and ordered to pay $115,000 in reparations. In December Mr Whakaruru pleaded guilty to five charges of ‘Obtaining by deception’ under the Crimes Act and one charge of ‘Supplying false or misleading information’ under the Serious Fraud Office Act. The six charges against Mr Whakaruru related to his role as principal private secretary to Kiingi Tūheitia, the Māori King, and misuse of iwi funds.
- Earlier this month the Minister for Māori Development, Nanaia Mahuta, and the Minister for Small Business, Stuart Nash, announced that businesses registered with a Company Register – New Zealand Business Number (NZBN) will soon have an option for businesses to self-identify and be recorded as a Māori business.
- In late September the Government opened the onshore petroleum block offer tender for 2020 (i.e. a tender for oil exploration rights in Taranaki). We advise that permit holders are now explicitly required to engage with iwi on an ongoing basis, with specific early engagement requirements in relation to activities to be undertaken within 200 metres of areas of significance to iwi. We further advise the proposed release area does not include any land listed in Schedule 4 of the Crown Minerals Act (including national parks, nature reserves, and wildlife sanctuaries) or World Heritage sites. The closing date for submissions is 18 December 2020.
- A Ngāti Kahungunu company, K3 Development Limited Partnership, has been awarded investment funding of circa $2 million from the Māori Trades and Training Fund. The funding will support up to 50 Māori trade apprentices in the construction of 50 houses across the Ngāti Kahungunu rohe.
- Sapphire Consultants Ltd (Wellington) will receive $990,000 Māori Trades and Training Fund investment to assist up to 45 Māori jobseekers over two years into paid training initiatives. Participants will be placed in construction, heavy trades, security, contact centres and administration.
- Te Wānanga o Aotearoa has been awarded circa $900,000 of funding from the Provincial Growth Fund to establish a trades training work-readiness programme for up to 100 people impacted by COVID-19 and rangatahi not in employment, education or training. The programme is targeting whānau in the King Country who have been directly impacted by the loss of the local tourism economy.
- Last Friday the Minister for Māori Development, Nanaia Mahuta, and the Minister for Regional Development, Shane Jones announced that circa 350 Marae will receive $96.5 million of Provincial Growth Funds for repairs and restoration projects. The Ministers say the projects will generate up to 3,100 jobs. For a full list of marae go to https://www.growregions.govt.nz/about-us/funded-project-announcements/.
|Bay of Plenty||$29,615,000||77||648|
|Te Tau Ihu||$760,000||4||38|
|Wairarapa / Kapiti||$3,190,000||10||90|
- On Monday the Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, announced that the General Election will now be held on October 17, 2020.
- Last week the Minister of Defence, Ron Marks announced that former soldier George Nepata will receive a formal apology from the Government and the New Zealand Defence Force for the New Zealand Defence Force’s failure to provide him with a safe system of work and the 31 years he has struggled with his tetraplegia. Mr Nepata has also been awarded an ex gratia payment (amount undisclosed).
- Last week a Deed of Settlement was initialed between Ngāti Maru and the Crown (this is the last of the eight Taranaki iwi to reach this stage in the settlement process). The settlement provides for commercial / financial redress of circa $30 million.
- Ngahiwi Tomoana and Takurua Mutu have been appointed to the Tourism Futures Taskforce. This seven-member taskforce will advise government on what changes can be made to the tourism sector as it looks to rebuild from the impacts of COVID -19.
- On Wednesday, Roberta Little, the former Principal of Te Kura o Waikaremoana, was sentenced in the Gisborne District Court to nine-months home detention and ordered to pay reparation of $45,000 after pleaded guilty to dishonestly and theft charges. Ms Little, along with Moana Shuttleworth stole circa $103,000 from the kura between 2015 and 2017.
- Te Whānau-ā-Apanui, Ngāti Porou, and the Department of Conservation will work together on an employment project called Raukūmara Pae Maunga. This project involves the pest control of 150,000 hectares in and around the Raukūmara Forest and it is expected to create over 40 fulltime and seasonal jobs.
 Ms Shuttleworth was a former board of trustee representative who had earlier been convicted of these crimes.
The 52nd session of Parliament was concluded on Thursday. So no more new laws or policies will be introduced until after the election on September 19th. Accordingly, to conclude this Pānui, we’ve chosen to attached an extract from the Valedictory Speech of Paula Bennett; an outgoing member of the National Party, who served fifteen years in Parliament, including some as Deputy Leader of her party. Mrs Bennett has Tainui whakapapa:
“I have always believed the answers to long-term dependency, child abuse, neglect, and violence are in our communities. There is no programme that a politician or a bureaucrat can design that will solve these complex issues. Our community and Māori organisations, I believe, are best placed with support from the State to assist those that are living hard lives. We have to set targets and accountabilities, bring in Māori, community leaders, beneficiaries, workers, and the business sector, and know it will take some time but we can improve people’s lives. We need to set communities up to succeed.”
(Paula Bennett, 29 July 2020.)
- This week the New Zealand Police published a report entitled Police Statistics on Homicide Victims in New Zealand 2007 – 2017: Summary of Statistics about Victims of Murder, Manslaughter, and Infanticide. The report showed from 2007 to the end of 2017, 236 Māori were victims of homicide, which was 32% of all victims (737 in total). Māori males comprised 22% (163) of all victims and 69% of the total number of Māori victims. These statistics are a sad over-representation, given Māori comprise only 15% of the total population. https://www.police.govt.nz/sites/default/files/publications/homicide-victims-report-2018.pdf
- Yesterday the Waitangi Tribunal commenced two days of oral hearings into WAI 2915, which is the urgent inquiry regarding tamariki Māori being placed into State care. As presiding Judge Michael Doogan indicated, the claim is about why there have been consistent disparities of tamariki Māori being removed from their whānau by the State, to what extent legislative improvements have been made, and what further requirements are required of the Crown to uphold Te Tiriti o Waitangi. Amongst other respected claimants, Lady Tureiti Moxon spoke indicating that Treaty partnership requires Oranga Tamariki devolving its powers and funding to Māori entities, based partially on the view (which is consistent across claimants) that the Ministry of Social Development and Oranga Tamariki have proven to be not capable of meeting the needs of tamariki Māori.
Also yesterday, Oranga Tamariki released a report entitled ‘Improving outcomes for tamariki Māori, their whānau, hapū and iwi’. We will review this report in full next week but in our initial considerations, however, it’s hard to believe that the timing of its release was fortuitous or accidental. Essentially our view is that the timing is a combative ‘talking over top of’ rangatira, such as Lady Moxon. Quite why Oranga Tamariki has taken such an approach is beyond us: it would seem like this is a week the agency might be best to humbly listen to Māori voices regarding the harm, hurt and whakamā that exists in this area (which is why we have deferred our review of their report).
Unfortunately this battle-hardened approach of Oranga Tamariki continues to present as entrenched, and is consistent with their rude reply to the Office of the Children’s Commissioner last month, and ruder still (no) reply given to the Whānau Ora Commissioning Agency (Pānui 21/2020 refers). In short, while Oranga Tamariki perhaps have one of the most difficult tasks of all Crown agencies, that is not an excuse for misunderstanding the authority and mana of the Waitangi Tribunal and its hearing processes.
- This week the Minister for Treaty of Watangi Negotiations, Andrew Little, confirmed he would not progress with Treaty Settlement legislation for Mana Ahuriri Trust until the grouping held renewed Trustee elections – which the group has so far refused to do, despite receiving over $300,000 for that purpose.
[The backdrop here is that the Crown had reached a Treaty settlement with Mana Ahuriri, which includes financial redress of circa $19.5 million; and legislation to conclude the matter has already had a first reading in Parliament, and is currently before Select Committee. However, late last year the Waitangi Tribunal found that the Crown had breached the Treaty in accepting a flawed ratification vote for the Ahuriri Hapū Deed of Settlement, and therefore in relation to the mandate of the post-governance entity – i.e. Mana Ahuriri Trust. (So despite the problems with ratification the Crown decided wrongly to push ahead anyway.) To remedy this, the Tribunal recommended the Crown obtain an undertaking from the Mana Ahuriri Trust to hold elections (which are to be independently monitored) for all trustees, before progressing settlement legislation. Plus, the Crown should pay for it all – hence the provision of a further funds to the Trust for renewed elections. Minister Little is of the view he obtained an agreement from the Trust for elections, and references an email he received – although of course an email is not the same as a Trust resolution, and the Minister and his officials should know that. The challenge here then is that the Crown cannot force new elections.]
 The report is about how the agency fulfils section 7AA of its legislation, and is thus sometimes referred to as the ‘7AA report’ – essentially it sets out what they do and plan to do for tamariki Māori
- On June 26, the second reading of Te Ture Whenua Māori (Succession, Dispute Resolution, and Related Matters) Amendment Bill was completed in Parliament. The purpose of this Bill is to simplify Māori Land Court processes including the process for Māori land succession. Refer to Pānui edition 24/2019 for background on this bill.
- On Tuesday the second reading of the Ngāti Hinerangi Claims Settlement Bill was completed in Parliament. This Bill provides for financial redress of $8.1 million, the return of 14 sites of cultural significance, a cultural revitalisation fund, and five commercial properties. http://www.govt.nz/treaty-settlement-documents/ngati-hinerangi/
- On Tuesday the first reading of the Oranga Tamariki (Youth Justice Demerit Points) Amendment Bill was completed in Parliament and referred to the Social Services and Community Committee. The purpose of this Bill is to introduce a demerit points system to identify youth at risk of habitual offending, and ensure interventions are put in place to modify behavio We advise in 2018, 64% of all children and young people with charges finalised in court were tamariki/ rangatahi Māori (ref E13/2019). http://www.legislation.govt.nz/bill/member/2020/0229/latest/LMS323852.html
- On Wednesday the third reading of the New Zealand Māori Arts and Crafts Institute Vesting Bill was completed. This Bill allows for the transfer of the institute’s assets and liabilities to the entity, Te Puia NZMACI Limited Partnership.
- Judge Stephen Clark has been appointed as a District Court Judge. Judge Clark is currently a Judge of the Māori land Court.
- Te Rūnanga o Ngā Wairiki Ngāti Apa has been awarded $864,000 from the Provincial Growth Fund to support education, training, and employment programmes in the Rangitīkei area.
- Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Awa is leading a pest control project co-funded by the Department of Conservation and the Provincial Growth Fund. The project is focussed on eradicating possums over a 4,700 ha area between the Whakatāne River, Ōhope beach and the Ōhiwa harbour. The project investment is $5.6 million over five-years.
- The Parihaka Papakāinga Trust will receive up to $14 million from the Provincial Growth Fund for a visitor centre and other improvements at the historic Parihaka settlement.
- Four Māori and Pasifika events have been named successful recipients of the Creative and Cultural Events Incubator fund. Each recipient event will receive up to $100,000 each. The four successful events are the inaugural funding round are:
- Kia Mau Festival, Wellington;
- Māoriland Film Festival, Otaki;
- Te Tairāwhiti Arts Festival, Gisborne; and
- Te Matatini, Auckland 2021.
- On Tuesday the New Plymouth District Council voted in favour (12-2) to bypass community consultation and establish a Māori ward in time for the 2022 Council elections. By way of background, the Local Government Act allows for the establishment of Māori wards (seats for Māori representation) if agreed by local authorities. However, if councils do agree to establish a Māori ward, then there is a possible second step. Namely if 5% or more of voters request it, a binding public vote must be held to determine whether Māori wards should still go ahead. This is what occurred in New Plymouth in 2014, when the Council narrowly voted in favour of establishing a Māori ward, which resulted in intense internal conflict and a resignation, and was followed by a public vote in 2015 which scuttled the notion (with 86% of voters rejecting the idea).
- On Thursday the Tertiary Education Commission announced the appointments to six workforce ‘interim Establishment Boards’ (iEB). The main role of each iEB is to establish Workforce Development Councils for six industry areas. Once established these Councils will take over the role of Industry Training Organisations (ITOs) in overseeing workforce training and qualifications in the vocation and trades areas. We advise the following tangata Māori have been appointed to the iEBs.
- John Chapman has been appointed to the Workforce Development – interim Establishment Board for Construction & Infrastructure.
- Renata Hakiwai has been appointed to the Workforce Development – interim Establishment Board for Manufacturing, Engineering & Logistics.
- Turi Ngatai, Wini Geddes and Hinerangi Edwards has been appointed to the Workforce Development – interim Establishment Board for Primary Industries.
- Hinurewa te Hau and Karl Wixon have been appointed to the Workforce Development – interim Establishment Board for Creative, Cultural, Recreation and Technology.
- Jean Te Huia has been appointed to the Workforce Development – interim Establishment Board for Health, Community & Social Services.
 These industry areas are: Construction & Infrastructure, Manufacturing, Engineering & Logistics, Primary Industries, Health, Community & Social Services, Service Industries and, Health, Community & Social Services.
- The Government has announced it will provide $1.25 million from the Provincial Growth Fund for Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Rēhia Charitable Trust to upgrade Te Pā Kāinga o Rewa, or Rewa’s Village, in Kerikeri.
- Last week a Waitangi Tribunal claim was lodged against the Crown proceeding with the Treaty of Waitangi settlement for Whakatōhea, (by iwi members opposed to the current process.)
(By way of background, the mandate of Whakatōhea Pre-settlement Claims Trust to settle historic claims of the iwi was tested via urgent Waitangi Tribunal hearing claims in 2017. The Tribunal’s primary finding was that the Crown prioritised its objective of concluding Treaty settlements over a process that was fair to Whakatōhea. The Tribunal found the decision to recognise the Pre-settlement Trust mandate was therefore not fair, reasonable, or made in good faith, and breaches the Treaty principle of partnership. To resolve this, in October 2018 Whakatōhea iwi members were asked to vote on the following: 1) continuing with the Whakatōhea Pre-Settlement Claim Trust as their treaty settlement entity? 2a) stop current Treaty negotiations in order that a mandate process be re-run from the start? and 2b) stop current Treaty negotiations in order that the Waitangi Tribunal can carry out an inquiry into the historical grievances of Whakatōhea? The results that came out in November 2018 show a small majority (56%) of iwi members voted to continue negotiations with the Crown via the existing entity, but conversely a large majority (73%) voted to also stop negotiations until the Waitangi Tribunal can carry out an inquiry.
Against that backdrop the Crown has tentatively carried on negotiations, but the new claim is again focused on whether the mandate is strong enough – with claimants saying the 56% in favour is not enough, and is out of step with other settlement approaches. Overall this settlement has a potential fiscal value of circa $100 million, but has experienced long negotiation delays.)
- Last week the Ministry of Justice published Adults Convicted and Sentenced – Data Notes and Trends for 2019. For the year ending December 2019 44% (circa 25,000) of convicted adults were Māori. See Pānui 13/2020 for further information on this matter.
- Julia Steenson has been appointed to the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Historical Abuse in State Care and in the Care of Faith-Based Institutions.
- On Tuesday, the COVID-19 Recovery (Fast-track Consenting) Bill was introduced and the first reading completed in Parliament. The Bill has now been referred to the Environment Committee, with submissions closing on Sunday 21 June, and the Committee is due to report back by 29 June. The purpose of this Bill is to support New Zealand’s economic recovery from the impacts of COVID-19. If passed into law it will allow for a fast track resource consenting processes for pre-designated infrastructure and development projects. (It will also enable work on specific existing infrastructure projects to occur without further resource consent.) We advise that six papakāinga projects and two large Māori led housing developments have been included on the fast track schedule. These projects are:
- The Unitec Residential Development – a large scale housing development in Auckland, led by the Ropū Marutūāhu, Ngāti Whātua and Waiohua-Tāmaki;
- Te Pā Tāhuna Residential Development – a large scale housing development in Queenstown, led by Ngāi Tahu;
- Papakāinga Development—Kaitaia;
- Papakāinga Development—Point Chevalier, Auckland;
- Papakāinga Development—Whaingaroa, Raglan;
- Papakāinga Development—Waitara, Taranaki;
- Papakāinga Development—Chatham Islands; and
- Papakāinga Development—Christchurch.
- Statistics New Zealand has released data tables on Māori based on the 2018 Census relating to Māori qualification obtainments. As there is no proper research report we are considering this data and will advise further next week.
- Last week the Office of the Children’s Commissioner published, ‘Te Kuku O Te Manawa’ – which is a report setting out concerns in how Oranga Tamariki manages child uplifts (for pēpi aged 0 to 3 months). We will review this report in next week’s edition, E21/2020.
- This week the Minister of Employment, Willie Jackson, announced that funding for the ‘Mana in Mahi’ programme will be increased to circa $30 million (up from $11 million 2019/20 Budget). Mana in Mahi is an apprenticeship programme targeting youth who have received a benefit for six months or longer. The programme seeks to promote apprenticeships, in lieu of these youth being in receipt of welfare. The new funding will be utilised to expand the initiative out to people of all ages, and to increase employer subsidies. (Via the programme employers receive wage subsidies, with the employer then being required to top-up that amount to at least the minimum wage.) There is also supplementary funding for the provision of pastoral care. The programme is not Māori specific, but given its focus a high Māori uptake is expected.
- Protect Pukeiāhua, a group led by members of Ngāti Tamainupō and Ngāruawāhia residents has been protesting for the protection of seven “rua” (Māori food pits) located on land which was a historic pā site; Puke-i-Aahua pā in Ngāruwāhia. The land is now owned by the Perry Group and flagged for housing development. Today Protect Pukeiāhua will present an online petition to the Waikato District Council seeking urgent Government and Waikato District Council intervention to buy the land from the developers: the petition received over 3,600 signatories.
[Note there is further background to this matter, including that it is possible Heritage New Zealand may not have notified Ngāti Tamainupō as early as required, and due to COVID-19 restrictions the hapū had delays seeking an appeal. The developer has, however, agreed to momentarily suspend the work.]
 Full title: Te Kuku O Te Manawa – Ka puta te riri, ka momori te ngākau, ka heke ngā roimata mo tōku pēpi – A review of what needs to change to enable pēpi Māori aged 0-3 months to remain in the care of their whānau in situations where Oranga Tamariki-Ministry for Children is notified of care and protection concerns.
 We note there is also an agency comment on this review report so are analysing both articles.
– Last week the Ministry of Education published a report entitled Reading Recovery Evaluation. As the title suggests, this report is based on an evaluation of the Reading Recovery programme (conducted in April to July 2019). The Reading Recovery programme is an optional service purchased by schools, it is intensive and delivered one-to-one to identified low literacy learners in year Among other items the evaluation found:
- Māori were more likely to receive Reading Recovery as a proportion of the school role; but
- Māori learners were more likely to receive fewer Reading Recovery sessions than others.
– On Wednesday, the Minister of Tourism, Kelvin Davis, announced that Whale Watch Kaikōura will receive up to $1.5 million from the Strategic Tourism Assets Protection Programme, as part of the COVID-19 tourism sector recovery plan. Whale Watch Kaikoura is owned and operated by Ngāi Kuri.
-Today by request of Waikato – Tainui iwi the Hamilton City Council removed the statue of Captain John Hamilton from Hamilton’s Civic Square. Captain Hamilton led the invasion by colonial troops against Māori during the Waikato lands wars, he died at Pukehinahina in 1864.