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- Shane Heremaia has been appointed Chief Executive of Tūwharetoa Māori Trust Board. Mr Heremaia will commence a three-year term in January 2020.
- Dr Wayne Ngata has been appointed to the Tertiary Education Commission Board.
- Dr Nina Scott, Shelly Campbell, and Professor David Tipene-Leach have been appointed to the Cancer Control Agency Advisory Council.
- Te Wānanga o Raukawa will receive a one-off $10 million grant from the Government to partially address its Waitangi Tribunal Whakatupu Mātauranga Claim (WAI 2698). The wānanga claims the former performance based research funding model (PBRF) was disadvantageous to the wānanga as it did not support funding of Māori knowledge and Māori research methodologies.
- On Monday Roberta Little pleaded guilty to eight charges of dishonestly using a document and one charge of theft by a person in a special relationship. Ms Little is the former Principal of Te Kura o Waikaremoana and along with co accused Moana Shuttleworth, (former board of trustee parent representative), were found to have stolen circa $103,000 from the kura between 2015 and 2017. Ms Little was remanded on bail and will be sentenced in the Gisborne District Court in February 2020.
- Lil Anderson (Te Rarawa, Ngāpuhi) has been appointed Chief Executive of the Office for Māori Crown Relations – Te Arawhiti.
- Last Saturday the Minister of Justice, Andrew Little, announced the Government will introduce an Electoral Amendment Bill which will restore the rights of people imprisoned to remain on the electoral roll and vote in a general election, if they are serving a term of less than three years. (Rights to vote were removed in 2010.) We advise in the Waitangi Tribunal report – WAI 2870 The Māori Prisoners’ Voting Rights Inquiry (refer E31/ 2019), the Tribunal found:
- the current legislation is inconsistent with the Treaty of Waitangi;
- Crown officials failed to ensure adequate consultation with Māori which led to Crown officials offering support and advice to the Law and Order Select Committee which failed to provide sufficient information about the effect the legislation would have on Māori, (breaching Treaty active protection);
- the Crown failed in its duty of informed decision-making (breaching Treaty active partnership); and
- changes to the Act reduced the opportunity for Māori to equitably participate in the electoral process and exercise their tino rangatiratanga individually or collectively (breaching Treaty active protection and Treaty equity).
We also note the High Court found the current law to be inconsistent with the right to vote in the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990. This decision was later upheld by the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court. This Bill will affect approximately 1,900 imprisoned people of which 950 will be tangata Māori.
- The Health, Quality and Safety Commission published a report entitled Learning from Adverse Events – Adverse Events reported to the Health Quality & Safety Commission 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019. This annual report provides a breakdown of reported adverse events which occurred within the healthcare sector. In the year to 30 June 2019, 916 adverse events were reported to the Commission. Regarding Māori the report found:
- 56 (6%) incidents of adverse events were reported by Māori;
- Māori are under-represented in reported adverse events;
- Māori are younger when experiencing adverse events; and
- Māori are more likely to be affected by events where implicit bias could impact on their care, such as unrecognised deterioration of health.
 Based on 50% of the imprisoned population being Māori.
- Te Rūnanga o Toa Rangātira (Ngāti Toa) have signed a Partnership Agreement with Kāinga Ora – Homes and Communities  and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development. The partnership will see Te Āhura Mōwai – Ngāti Toa community housing provider manage properties and tenancies for circa 900 state owned homes across western Porirua for a 25-year period.
- This week Kim Symes was sentenced to 10- months home detention, 150 hours community service and $5,000 reparations in the Manukau District Court. Ms Symes was found guilty in September for defrauding her former employer – Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o te Tonga o Hokianga – of circa $250,000
 Kāinga Ora was established 1 October 2019 it includes the roles and responsibilities of the KiwiBuild Unit, Housing New Zealand and its development subsidiary HLC)
- Rachel Taulelei ((Ngāti Raukawa, Ngāti Rarua, Ngāti Koata) has been appointed to the APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC).
- This week the Minister of Corrections, Kelvin Davis, and the Minister of Forestry, Shane Jones, announced that eleven prisoners from the ‘Release to Work’ programme have secured full time jobs or job offers within the forestry industry. The ‘release to work’ programme is a collaboration between Te Uru Rākau and the Department of Corrections, Northland Region Corrections Facility at Ngawha.
- On Friday 29 November 2019 the Federation of Māori Authorities (FOMA) are hosting a Solutions Lab innovation in science co-design hui. The purpose of Solutions Lab is to provide the interface between the customer and the science sector (CRIs and Science system). The hui will be held at the Novotel Auckland Airport.
- This week the Ministry for Women published a profile report on Māori businesswomen, entitled Ngā Wāhine Kaipakihi: He Tirohanga Māori Women In Business: Insights. The report identified that 3-percent of wāhine Māori are business owners.
- The first reading of the Mental Health and Wellbeing Commission Bill was completed in Parliament and referred to the Health Committee. The purpose of this bill is to establish a Mental Health and Wellbeing Commission. The Commission will provide independent scrutiny of the Government’s progress in improving New Zealand’s mental health and wellbeing, promote collaboration between entities that contribute to mental health and wellbeing, and develop advice and a framework for the permanent Mental Health and Wellbeing Commission. We advise that the membership of the Commission must include at least one commissioner who has knowledge, understanding and experience of te ao Māori and tikanga Māori.
- On Tuesday the third reading of the Criminal Cases Review Commission Bill was completed in Parliament and received Royal Assent. This Act enables the establishment of an independent Criminal Cases Review Commission. Membership of the Commission must include at least one commissioner who must have knowledge or understanding of te ao Māori and tikanga Māori. http://www.legislation.govt.nz/bill/government/2018/0106/latest/LMS90599.html
- On Thursday the first reading of the Sexual Violence Legislation Bill was completed in Parliament and referred to the Justice Committee. The purpose of this bill is to reduce the retraumatisation victims of sexual violence may experience when they attend court and give evidence by amending the Evidence Act 2006, Victims’ Rights Act 2002, and Criminal Procedure Act 2011. We advise between 1 July 2014 and 30 June 2018, circa 5,900 (25%) of all sexual violence claims made to the Police were reported by Māori; following Police investigations 1,820 (32%) of these claims led to charges which progressed to a court trial.https://www.parliament.nz/en/pb/bills-and-laws/bills-proposed-laws/document/BILL_93010/sexual-violence-legislation-bill>
- On Thursday the second reading of the New Zealand Māori Arts and Crafts Institute Vesting Bill was completed in Parliament. This Bill provides for the transfer of assets and liabilities from the New Zealand Māori Arts and Crafts Institute to Te Puia NZMACI Limited Partnership.
- On Thursday the Mental Health and Wellbeing Commission Bill was introduced in Parliament. The purpose of this bill is to establish a Mental Health and Wellbeing Commission. The Commission will provide independent scrutiny of the Government’s progress in improving New Zealand’s mental health and wellbeing, promote collaboration between entities that contribute to mental health and wellbeing, and develop advice and a framework for the permanent Mental Health and Wellbeing Commission.
- The Health Research Council has published the recipients of the 2020 Māori Health Career Development Awards and the Māori Health Research Summer Studentship. We have listed these people below.
|2020 Māori Health Career Development Awards|
|Dr Aria Graham
|Māmā e Mamia – piloting a marae-based wellbeing model for pēpi and māmā Māori||$328,000|
|Te Wai Barbarich-Unasa||Whakamana te reo a ngā rangatahi ki roto i nga tautuhinga hauora||$127,000|
|Strategies to improve Māori recruitment and retention into nursing||$127,000
|Lisa Kremer||Microdrop administration of phenylephrine and cyclopentolate in neonates||$74,900|
|Georgia McCarty,||Hauora Rangatahi Māori: Appropriateness and acceptability of health measures||$135,000
|Dr Tepora Emery||He Toa Taumata Rau – The many resting places of courage||$10,000|
|Carmen Timu-Parata,||Breastfeeding support for whānau Māori: The Northland experience||$10,000
|2020 Māori Health Research Summer Studentship|
|Hazel Gilbert||Māori women and methamphetamine addiction in pregnancy: A literature review||$5,000|
|Julia Law||Student health professionals’ understanding of tāngata whaikaha Māori concepts||$5,000|
|Māori women and cervical screening: A Kaupapa Māori literature review||$5,000|
|Denver Ruwhiu||Conflicts of professionalism in medical curricula with Māori tīkanga and values||$5,000|
|Rian Sanerive||Use of online technology for effective wellness and exercise programme delivery||$5,000|
|Ben Shine||Positive youth development in Māori youth through an adventure education programme||$5,000|
- Hone Sadler has reportedly stood down as the chair of Tūhoronuku. (Tūhoronuku is the Treaty settlement trust of Ngāpuhi; which the present Minister, Andrew Little, has indicated does not have a clear mandate to proceed with settlement processes in its current form). The resignation is said to have occurred some weeks back, and appears to have followed the sudden resignation of Sonny Tau from the Chair of Te Rūnanga a Iwi o Ngāpuhi last month. No public explanations have been given for this. Mr James Clyde is the new chair of Tūhoronuku.
- This week the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Abuse in Care commenced public hearings. We advise the inquiry will consider “the nature and extent of abuse that occurred in state care and faith based institutes (between 1950 and 1999), what its immediate and long term impacts were, the factors (including systemic factors) which may have caused or contributed to it, and lessons to be learned from the past.” A key focus remains on understanding any differential impacts of abuse in state care for Māori. We note Mr Moana Jackson has been giving evidence on the impact of colonisation on fostering conditions for the abuse of Māori children in care.
- The Waitangi Tribunal has granted an urgent hearing into child uplift policy at Oranga Tamariki . This follows significant Māori concern around the policy, sparked from an uplift attempt in Hastings in March. The claim was lodged by Dr Rawiri Waretini-Karena, Dr Jane Alison Green, and Kerri Nuku. Amongst other items they claim that the Crown has breached the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi by failing to protect Māori from the increasing and disproportionate rates of Māori children taken into state care and failing to take reasonable steps to address the institutional racism. Meanwhile, the whānau of the baby involved that sparked the concerns has refused to participate in an internal review of the matter, indicating a lack of trust in Oranga Tamariki. (We consider that without their participation a reasonable review process would be near impossible.) Pānui 21/2019 and 27/2019 refer.
- On Tuesday the Minister for Regional Economic Development, Shane Jones, announced that three Parihaka Pa Marae will be upgraded to high speed broadband via the Māori Digital Connectivity programme which is funded by the Provincial Growth Fund (PGF).
- On Monday Te Pūtake o te Riri, He Rā Maumahara, a commemoration of the New Zealand wars and conflicts between Māori and the Crown, were held in Waitara.
- Independent Commissioners have granted the Wellington Company resource consent for a housing and commercial development at Shelly Bay, Wellington. Several groups have been opposed to the development including a group called Mau Whenua, who consider that their Trust board, the Port Nicholson Block Settlement Trust, was wrong to sell their land for the development, without explicit iwi consent. They continue to seek legal remedy to overturn the land sales.
- On Wednesday the National Party held a launch for their Social Services Discussion Document, called the Social Services Discussion Document. The 56-page document outlines the National Party’s proposals on several social issues along with proposed approaches they will introduce if they win the 2020 general election. Issues raised included a review of Whānau ora, reintroducing some of the benefit sanctions which were removed by the current Government, and “cracking down hard” on gangs. They suggest welfare payments could be withheld from gang members if found to be receiving other illegal income. As this is a proposal (and not National Party policy) we have not reviewed this material in full.
- Mere Mangu has publicly advised that she considers she is now the lawful Chairperson of Te Rūnanga-Ā-Iwi O Ngāpuhi, following the resignation of Mr Sonny Tau. (Ms Mangu had been deputy and considers the rūnanga’s constitution stipulates the Deputy becomes Chair, if the Chair resigns.) She has indicated she expects to be challenged for the role, and that a review of services is now required.
- Arihia Bennett (Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Porou, Ngāpuhi) has been selected as the Te Puni Kōkiri appointed representative on the New Zealand-China Council. Ms Bennett replaces Ngahiwi Tomoana.
- This week the Minister of Research, Science and Innovation, Megan Woods, announced the development of a multilingual language platform which will enable users to engage with technology in the language of their choice. The language platform will be first launched in Te Reo Māori. The project will receive funding of $13 million over 7 years.
- Our Marine Environment 2019
“The Māori relationship with te moana is based on whakapapa and a long history of people who were astronomers, scientists, ocean navigators, fishers, and regulators. Before colonisation, the Māori economy was based on fishing and a comprehensive trading system. Advanced fishing methods were used – some nets used at Maketu in the Bay of Plenty were up to 1,900 metres long. In addition, the people of Muriwhenua in the Far North identified and named hundreds of fishing grounds within 25 miles offshore, including seasonal descriptions and the species present (Waitangi Tribunal, 1988). As Treaty partners, Māori have a role as kaitiaki of te moana and mātaitai (fish or food obtained from the sea). Kaitiaki are guardians who carry out the act of tiaki and look after, protect, and conserve the resource or taonga; kaitiaki can be a human, animal, or a spiritual being. This role and the close relationships that Māori have with the moana are acknowledged by the Crown and reflected in Treaty settlements and post-settlement agreements.” (Page 9)
Last week the Ministry for the Environment and Statistics New Zealand released a report on the status of the marine environment. It identifies four issues of concern: (i) our native marine species and habitats are under threat; (ii) our activities on land are polluting our marine environment; (iii) our activities at sea are affecting the marine environment; and (iv) climate change is affecting marine ecosystems, taonga species and us. This report is not specifically Māori-focused but will be of interest to Māori working in this area, with clear scientific data presented, and an exemplar around kuku. It is a sobering report. The report also acknowledges Māori views of the marine environment; as shown in the following text.
Appointments and Awards
- Debbie Ngarewa-Packer (Ngāti Ruanui, Ngā Ruahine, Ngā Rauru) has been selected to stand for the Māori Party in the Te Tai Hauāuru electoral seat, 2020 General Election.
- Dr Matt Roskruge (Te Ātiawa, Ngāti Tama, Ngāti Rārua) Te Au Rangahau has been awarded a Rutherford Discovery Fellowship for research entitled ‘The economics of social capital from a Māori perspective’. The fellowship fund is circa $800,000 over five years.
- On Tuesday the first reading of the Te Ture Whenua Māori (Succession, Dispute Resolution, and Related Matters) Amendment Bill was completed in Parliament and referred to the Māori Affairs Select Committee. The purpose of this bill is to simplify Māori Land Court processes including the process for Māori land succession. Submissions close 28 November 2019. Refer to Pānui edition 24/2019 for background on this bill.
General News Items
- Last Thursday Mr Sonny Tau resigned as the chairman of Te Rūnanga ā iwi o Ngāpuhi which had immediate effect. We advise that Mr Tau was successfully re-elected to the Rūnanga in August. Reasons for the resignation are not given although in the public statement, Chief Executive Lorraine Toki states, “any pending investigations into allegations lay solely with the police and is official business which we are not a part of, therefore we have no further comment to make at this time.”
- The ‘Tuia – Encounters 250’ commemoration is now underway, with the replica of the Endeavour now sailing around Aotearoa New Zealand with other vessels (including waka haurua). The Ministry of Culture and Heritage describes Tuia – Encounters 250 as events which “celebrates Aotearoa New Zealand’s Pacific voyaging heritage and acknowledges the first onshore encounters between Māori and Pākehā in 1769–70”. However, some iwi groups have not welcomed the commemorative activity in their rohe, and there has also been some Māori protest and petition against the commemorations (on the basis that the Endeavour’s first encounters were harmful to Māori.) We note earlier this month the British High Commissioner, Laura Clarke, met with iwi leaders from the Tūranganui-A-Kiwa region (Rongowhakaata, Ngāi Tāmanuhiri, Te Aitanga a-Māhaki, and Ngāti Oneone) to express regret on behalf of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland for the deaths of nine iwi members killed during the first encounters with the crew of the ship Endeavour, captained by Lieutenant James Cook.
- FOMA Innovation and the Science for Technological Innovation (SfTI) have entered into a partnership to increase the capacity for FOMA ‘s members in the areas of physical sciences, technologies and engineering, in September. FOMA Innovation is centred on providing leadership in sciences for the benefit of FOMA members. Key foci include: regenerative food production, tech incubation and acceleration, solutions lab, biosphere and rangatahi support.
Whangaparaoa Māori Lands Trust and EBOP Dairy have joined a Māori Agribusiness Extension (MABx) with the Ministry for Primary Industries. The purpose of MABx is to provide shared group learning opportunities and explore sustainable system changes for participating collectives.
 The Federation of Māori Authorities (FOMA) formed FOMA Innovation last month.
 (a cluster of ten Māori land organisations)
 a cluster of five Māori dairy farms located between Torere and Whangaparaoa
- Judge Heemi Taumaunu (Ngāti Pōrou, Ngāi Tahu) has been appointed Chief District Court Judge.
- Verity Webber (Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Māmoe) and Kauahi Ngapora (Waikato Tainui, Ngāi Tahu) have been appointed independent members of the International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy Advisory Group.
- Yesterday Te Tumu Paeroa and Te Puni Kōkiri entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to jointly work together to support and fund Māori housing repairs in the Te Tai Tokerau and Te Tai Rāwhiti regions. Te Puni Kōkiri has the regional staffing base to oversee administration, and Te Tumu Paeroa will commit $2 million towards the programme. This is of course positive for those who will benefit from the work, although our questions (see article above) around making decisions about other people’s money remain.
- On Thursday the Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment released the draft ‘New Zealand’s Research, Science & Innovation Strategy’, Feedback and submissions on the draft are now open, until 10 November 2019. The Ministry will also hold a series of consultation workshops during October. For further detail refer to links below. https://mbie.wufoo.com/forms/research-science-innovation-strategy/ https://www.mbie.govt.nz/dmsdocument/6935-new-zealands-research-science-and innovation-strategy-draft-for-consultation
- Ngāi Tahu has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Kataoka Corporation/Sankou Foods (of Japan), to turn Undaria/ Wakame seaweed into a high-value product. This partnership will generate jobs in the East Otago region.
- This week Statistics New Zealand announced that at the next general election the number of electorates will increase from seventy-one to seventy two, to reflect population growth. There will still be seven Māori electorates. (The Māori electoral population is 473,077, up 12 percent from 2013.). Note one extra electorate seat means one less party list seat in the next Parliament.
- This week the Minister of Employment, Willie Jackson, announced that Wairoa Young Achievers Trust (WYAT) will receive funding of $305,000 to support rangatahi into employment and education in Wairoa. The funding is from the He Poutama Rangatahi
 Note Te Tumu Paeroa does recieve an annual Crown allocation of circa $11 million however that is for administration purposes, so funds for this initiative will be sourced from the General Fund.
 Electoral populations were calculated using data from the electoral rolls (following the Māori Electoral Option 2018), and results from the 2018 Census of Population and Dwellings.
- On Thursday the Te Ture Whenua Māori (Succession, Dispute Resolution, and Related Matters) Amendment Bill was introduced in Parliament. The purpose of this bill is to simplify Māori Land Court processes including the process for Māori land succession. Refer to Pānui edition 24/2019 for background on this bill.
- This week the Ministry for Culture and Heritage announced that the replica of Captain Cook’s ship the Endeavour will not visit the Mangonui inlet. The visit was removed from the itinerary following complaints regarding the Ministry’s failure to conduct a proper consultation process with Ngāti Kahu iwi. The replica of the Endeavour is touring ports and docks around New Zealand as part of the national commemoration marking 250 years since Captain Cook’s arrival in Aotearoa.
- Applications are now open for the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment Te Pūnaha Hihiko – Vision Mātauranga Capability Fund 2020. The fund is open to people and organisations undertaking or planning research which supports the themes of the Vision Mātauranga Policy:
- indigenous innovation,
- taiao (achieving environmental sustainability),
- hauora/oranga (improving health and social wellbeing) and,
- mātauranga (exploring indigenous knowledge).
The fund value is circa $4 million. Proposals close midday 14 November.
- The Kiingitanga movement has advised mana whenua that they would like the lands at Ihumātao returned, although they consider that it falls outside of Treaty Settlement processes therefore the Government may need to negotiate with Fletchers to achieve that.
- This week Dave Samuels commenced his appointment as Chief Executive of Te Puni Kōkiri.
- On Thursday the first reading of the Ngāti Hinerangi Claims Settlement Bill was completed in Parliament. The bill includes a financial redress of $8.1 million, the return of 14 sites of cultural significance, a cultural revitalisation fund, and five commercial properties. https://www.govt.nz/treaty-settlement-documents/ngati-hinerangi/