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This quarterly review provides a summary of significant Māori focused social, economic and Treaty policy developments for the period 1 April to 30 June 2018.
Within the quarter we reviewed 12 data set publications, 10 research reports, 8 Government policy / legislative issues. Information summaries are provided within the following appendices.
- Appendix 1 – Social Policy Items;
- Appendix 2 – Economic Policy Items;
- Appendix 3 – Treaty of Waitangi Matters and;
- Appendix 4 – Political Items
This quarter there have been three Māori focused policy items of salient note:
- Budget 2018/19 reduced specific Māori Development funds – the Finance Minister said this is because Te Puni Kōkiri had not used past money, and that Māori are gaining outcomes elsewhere; whereas the Minister for Māori Development denied (wrongly) that was the Budget reality;
- Whānau Ora is to be externally reviewed – although a Te Puni Kōkiri evaluation released this month of the initiative finds no issues arising; and
- the Government has rejected building a mega prison at Waikeria instead a 500 bed rebuild will be undertaken, linked to a 100 bed secure mental health facility, a policy decision which suggests greater awareness of the significant link between criminal offending and poor mental health.
These items are further discussed below. Further information is available within the appendices and Pānui editions as referenced.
Social Policy Matters
Overview of Socio-Economic Matters
Data released this quarter continues to show ongoing socio-economic disparities presenting between Māori and other New Zealanders, with no significant positive or negative change. Two key statistics for the quarter are that:
- 97,400 Māori (aged 18-64 years) and their household whānau are welfare reliant – this is circa 26% of working age Māori adults; and
- 6% of Māori in the labour force were unemployed, (33,100 people). By comparison, the New Zealand overall unemployment rate was about half of that, at 4.4%
Education Sector Summary
This quarter the New Zealand Qualifications Authority released the 2017 NCEA results; which showed around 74% of Year 12 Māori learners achieved NCEA level 2. This was about the same as the previous year, and ten percentile points below non-Māori. Research and ideas for addressing schooling disparities continued to be tabled, with a discussion on racial bias making it into the official policy papers as one rationale for reforming the school sector.
More positively, new research on literacy shows significant gains across the Māori population over the last decade – with 81% of Māori now having fair or better English language literacy (which is needed for workforce gains). Te Reo literacy is also strong, with Māori school learners found to be enjoying this subject and also out-performing others across the board. This success perhaps links back to the racial bias / differing cultural capital discussion – i.e. if most teachers were Māori and taught subjects such as maths and science from a Māori perspective (as Te Reo is) would the results across the nation be different? Other education items of note:
- The Treasury contributed to the disparity discussion with research that confirmed the obvious conclusion that students who change schools a lot are at educational risk – and they noted Māori more than others are in this grouping;
- the Ministry of Education’s tertiary research analyst released a report that confirms that greater proportions of Māori study at the lower levels in the tertiary education sector (linked to lower school qualifications). The result of the tertiary education outcome is that a qualification disadvantage presents within the workforce thereby suppressing Māori wages and employment opportunities;
- research about the Youth Guarantee initiative was released, which shows the programme is successful in keeping students engaged in education (good), but that links to tertiary level 4 study and industry training / apprenticeships and the like, are not clearly proven (not good). e. whilst these students (many are Māori) undertake trade preparation type courses, the initiative is not actually giving them a direct pathway into employment within the trade sectors.
Health Sector Summary
In the health sector, as always, an assortment of research data was published. This quarter disparities were shown in areas such as tamariki deaths, abortion rates, children with “major social, emotional and/or behavioural problems”, elderly nutrition, colorectal cancer, and non-seat belt wearing car accident deaths. Probably all well intended studies and data sets, but collectively all reflecting the differences in how Māori and non-Māori live so differently within the same geopolitical terra firma.
The key item within the health sector, however, was the announcement of a major review of how services work. We note, in regard to the review, Health Minister David Clark states, “we need to face up to the fact that our health system does not deliver equally well for all. We know our Māori and Pacific peoples have worse health outcomes and shorter lives. That is something we simply cannot accept.” Given the above data, which is relentless every quarter in showing some form of health disparity, in our view the Minister could not be more veridical.
Housing Sector Summary
In the housing sector Minister Phil Twyford (re)announced $63.4 million funding for ‘Housing First Fund’, which is focusing on increasing houses available for vulnerable families. The need for this was also (re)confirmed with the Ministry of Social Development also releasing its public housing quarterly report, to 31 March 2018. The report finds that 36% (23,600-odd) public housing tenants are Māori. That is disproportionately high, given Māori are 15% of the total population. In addition, there is a register of who needs a house and qualify for assistance, but do not have one – of these people we advise 44% are Māori (circa 3,500 tangata.)
Overall this type of data points towards housing being an issue of prominence for Māori – i.e. over 10% of all Māori may be living in or needing state/public housing – compared with about 1% of non-Māori. The next policy action required from this Ministry is to better link this data with sole-parent and gender information, as indicative links with household income data point towards sole-mothers, mainly Māori, being the grouping disproportionately in need.
Justice Sector Summary
There were two key items within the justice sector this quarter of relevance to Māori. First, as above, the Government announced it would not build a mega prison at Waikeria, but it would rebuild a smaller prison, and a 100-bed secure mental health facility. While this is well short of the radical tikanga Māori prison proposal Minister Kelvin Davis broached back when he was in opposition, it is a step towards better recognising the strong link between criminal offending and poor mental health. The Government’s Waikeria decision ties in well with the second item of note: robust research from the Office of the Prime Minister’s Chief Scientific Advisor showing that early intervention works best in preventing offending. This is partially because young offenders often have mental health issues: for example, alcohol or drug dependencies, which can be addressed early thereby mitigating offending and other social ills. Note also this quarter the Ministry of Health released a research report indicating perhaps 12% of Māori children, around 23,000, may have what they classified as ‘significant social, emotional and/or behavioural problems’.
In our assessment while there has been a known link between criminal offending and health previously, there does appear to be a conceptual shift away from the notion that some people are ‘criminals’ (full stop), towards an understanding that many people who commit offences do so because of a period of poor mental health, which means they do not appropriately regulate their own behaviours. This discussion is particularly important for Māori, as about half of the people incarcerated in New Zealand prisons are Māori, and Māori also have much higher rates of reported mental health issues. Accordingly, the scientific recommendation to focus on mitigation of poor health and behaviour issues early in life does present as a sensible basis for new policies, including the proposal that Māori approaches be used to support Māori tamariki. This in our view is ‘not rocket science’, but it is now published scientific research none the less.
Social Sector Summary
In the social wellbeing sector, as noted above, 97,000 Māori households are welfare reliant. Statistics New Zealand also released data which showed poor households such as these face greater inflation pressures. A link to the increased price of tobacco was made, implying tobacco consumption is detrimental to household finances, not just population health. In addition, funding to reduce family violence was also (re)announced; and The Treasury released a report indicating they are still beavering away somewhere on what wellbeing might actually be; (possibly it will mean having more money to pay the bills, having a home, being free of violence and the like, but they have not landed it just yet). A separate Māori wellbeing framework is also being considered by The Treasury. (We note Whānau Ora contains a solid Māori wellbeing framework, but The Treasury does not acknowledge its existence.)
The annual evaluation of Whānau Ora was released by Te Puni Kōkiri (TPK). We found it to be a weak evaluation report which identified no issues arising and continued to under-explain this initiative. Ironically, that report was released (without a Ministerial forward) just weeks after the Government announced it would review Whānau Ora, and with terms of reference that clearly signals that transparency and accountability are items for improvement. We interpret that as a vote of no-confidence in TPK in this work area. However, perhaps more directly relevant to many Māori whānau (circa one-third) is that this quarter the Government confirmed that it would review the entire welfare system. Quite what this entails is not yet clear.
The major economic item for the quarter is the Government’s Budget, released in May. Overall the Government is forecasting an operating surplus of $3.1 billion, even after taking into account its new spending. But as advised above, for Vote: Māori Development funding is to drop, this year, and every year forecast afterwards. As previously noted Finance Minister Grant Robertson says the drop in Vote: Māori Development reflects programmes that Te Puni Kōkiri did not deliver on being removed from the Budget – so again an implicit vote of no confidence for TPK, which is presenting as somewhat under siege. In his view, however, Māori whānau are estimated to receive $1.5 billion more in services through the Government’s wider programmes, such as the Families Package: however we can see no means for the Government to evidence that estimate.
In our assessment, funds removed from Te Puni Kōkiri will reduce its policy function from this year – effectively retarding its ability to give advice on the impact of mainstream programmes on Māori. This is despite the fact that there are service gaps – i.e. disparities being experienced by Māori in all social areas, including health, education and housing – some of which are shown in the discussion above.
We note there has been no consultation with Māori, and no explanation as to why Māori Development funds went unspent last year. The denials of funding cuts by Ministers Mahuta and Jackson do not help the situation. In short, the Labour Party holds all seven Māori electoral seats in Parliament and has the largest number of Māori members of Cabinet than at any time previously. At both Ratana and Waitangi Day earlier this year the Government indicated it would increase Māori services, so it follows some Māori voters may feel betrayed by this Budget, and particularly by the Minister for Māori Development, Nanaia Mahuta, who so far has tabled no clear initiatives nor policy plan for Māori Development. The pressure will be on her to deliver something in next year’s Budget; and she will also need to either express a higher level of confidence in Te Puni Kōkiri or to propose something better.
Pānui also reviewed other Vote areas in regard to Māori specific funding. Information is provided in the appendices: there were no radical changes of note.
Other Economic Matters
Six other economic matters of note are listed below.
- The consultancy firm TDB Advisory released a report summarising the financial performance of eight iwi, from 2011 to 2017. The iwi groups are Ngāi Tahu, Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Whātua o Ōrakei, Rangitāne o Wairau, Raukawa, Ngāi Tūhoe and Waikato-Tainui. All have made money, a few have made lots of money (e.g. Waikato-Tainui had a strong financial year), with very good returns on their investments.
- The Productivity Commission released a draft report on climate change, proposing new legislation and a new Commission to assist future Governments achieve a low emission economy. For Māori they suggest a Treaty of Waitangi clause would be useful for incoming legislation, combined with some type of Māori advisory committee.
- The Ministry for the Environment also published work on climate change, with a report from its technical working group being released. This group has a range of recommendations to reduce emissions, and for Māori specifically they suggest the Government “commission mātauranga Māori-led measures that reflect cultural impacts of climate change and are developed and managed by iwi/hapū”.
- The Land and Water Forum released a new report focusing on how to prevent degradation of water quality, particularly sediment and nitrogen pollutants. In relation to Māori, the Forum repeats its views that Māori interests in water (i.e. any proprietary and usage rights) are in their ‘too-hard’ basket, and thus the Crown needs to address such matters directly. They point out the current situation is creating uncertainty which undermines long term investment decisions needed to improve water quality. Hence their recommendation that “Central government must, as a priority, work with iwi to reach agreement on how to resolve rights and interests in fresh water.”.
- The Government announced that the offshore block offers for oil and gas exploration permits will end (i.e. no new offers to be made). The block offer was an annual tender process established by the former National led Government that allowed for oil and gas companies to bid for permits. Many iwi groups had petitioned about oil exploration in their respective off-shore areas.
- The Government has announced it is reviewing consumer credit regulations, of interest as Māori are identified as one grouping at risk – which is no surprise given the high percentage of welfare reliance noted above.
Waitangi Tribunal Matters
This quarter the Waitangi Tribunal released its report on its Whakatōhea Mandate Inquiry. The Tribunal found the Crown breached the Treaty of Waitangi by prioritising its objective of seeking to conclude a Treaty settlement over processes that were fair to the hapū groupings within Whakatōhea. Thus the decision to recognise the pre-settlement Trust mandate was found not to be fair, reasonable or made in good faith. This is consistent with the Tribunal’s view in other areas: that mandate issues, including hapū consent must be satisfactorily resolved before the Crown pushes ahead with negotiations.
This quarter Parliament made progress with five Treaty settlements; with two of these reaching conclusion and thus becoming law. The groupings were:
- Ngāti Rangi (legislation introduced to Parliament);
- Ngāti Porou and Ngāti Tamaoho (both had respective second readings);
- Heretaunga Tamatea and Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki both had their respective third readings – thereby concluding these two settlements of circa $100 million and $13 million respectively.
Government and Parliamentary Matters
In addition to the above sector issues, we note three further Parliamentary matters of note this quarter.
- Adding to the Treaty settlement concerns of Whakatōhea, the Minister for Māori Development has advised she has asked for an independent review of the governance and management of the Whakatōhea Trust Board;
- A Bill to entrench Māori electoral seats was introduced to Parliament.
- Referenda were held by five local bodies in regard to the establishment of Māori wards – in all cases the notion of Māori wards was rejected by voters. This situation of predominantly non-Māori voters determining how Māori voters may be represented within local Government presents to us as manifestly unjust. The matter is discussed within Pānui 15/2018.
 This data is from Statistics New Zealand and the Ministry of Social Development data sets.
 It will drop by $2 million in the year ahead (even after setting aside all extraordinary increases this year), and by $17 million over the next four years.
 Their answers to Parliamentary Questions have been provided in Pānui so that subscribers can determine for themselves the integrity of the responses given to challenging questions.
 The Ngāti Porou Bill relates to marine and foreshore matters.
- Farah Palmer (Ngāti Mahuta) has been appointed to the Board of Sport New Zealand.
- Professor Rawinia Higgins (Ngāi Tūhoe) has been appointed Chair of Te Taura Whiri i Te Reo Māori / the Māori Language Commission.
- Oliver Tapiki-Thorpe (Whakatōhea) has received the New Zealand Youth Award for Inclusion and Diversity.
- On Wednesday Daniel Michael Bidois (Ngāti Maniapoto) swore his Oath of Allegiance in Parliament. Mr Bidois became the newest National Party Member of Parliament after winning the Northcote By-Election on 9 June.
- Māori food company Kaitahi was awarded the “Most Innovative Foodservice Product” at the Fine Food New Zealand Innovation Awards. Kaitahi has developed frozen food products using traditional Māori ingredients.
- Te Arawa Group Holdings, Rotomā No 1 Incorporation, and Ngāti Awa Group Holdings have formed a business entity partnership called Matai Pacific Iwi Collective. The partnership has purchased three large kiwifruit orchards in the Te Puke region, the orchards are planted in Green and Gold varieties of Kiwifruit.
- A grouping of 13 Māori businesses (the Hui Māori Collective), will be launching an e-commence portal on Tmall Global in November. (Tmall, a mandarin language site, is part of the Alibaba group and a major international trading site.) The collective is also working with AsureQuality to develop a quality assurance framework for branding and product authenticity purposes. Members of the Hui Māori Collective are: Miraka, Kai Ora Honey, Mana Kai Honey, Tai Tokerau Honey, The True Honey Company, Tuku Māori Winemakers Collective (Steve Bird Wines, Te Pā wines, Tiki Wines, Ostler Wines and Kurukuru Wines), Taha Beverages, Kono, and The Modern Māori Quartet.
- The High Court has ruled in favour of a rent increase for the Waiotapu Thermal Wonderland; meaning the leasee, Te Arawa Group holdings, will need to pay the owner, Ngāti Tahi Ngāti Whaoa Rūnanga Trust, increases backdated for three years, and court costs. This ends a three-year rental dispute between the two parties.
- Te Taura Whiri i Te Reo Māori and Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga have signed a ‘Mahi Tahi’ agreement to promote and revitalise Te Reo Māori.
- On Saturday a launch will be held for He Kupu Tuku Iho, a new Te Reo book authored by Sir Tīmoti Kāretu and Wharehuia Milroy. The book is said to be written for the ‘serious’ Te Reo student. Auckland University Press are the publishers
- Tini Clark (Ngāti Tīpa, Ngāti Tahinga, Ngāti Āmaru) has been appointed a District Court Judge with a jury warrant to be based in Manukau. Ms Clark will be sworn in as a Judge on 10 August 2018.
- Last Friday the Minister of Māori Development, Nanaia Mahuta, announced that an investigation into the affairs of the Whakatōhea Māori Trust Board is to be undertaken. The investigation follows reported allegations relating to governance and management concerns, and in particular the 2017 triennial elections of the Board. Michael Heron QC has been appointed as the investigator, and will report back to the Minister in August. The Trust Board comprises twelve trustees elected from the six hapū of Whakatōhea, and there are circa 11,000 iwi members.
- Today the Minister of Employment, Willie Jackson, announced four initiatives that will receive funding through He Poutama Rangatahi. All four initiatives are based in the Hawke’s Bay region.
The successful initiatives are:
The Hastings District Council – Connector Model programme (improving long term employment opportunities through supporting employers, rangatahi and their whānau) funding $460,000;
Te Taiwhenua o Heretaunga – Takatū Youth Mentoring (drivers licencing programme) funding $258,000;
Hikoi4Life Trust – WorkFit programme (increase existing support to get young people physically and mentally fit for work) funding $765,000; and
Hikoi4Life Trust – Development Hub (work readiness programme to support young Māori and Pasifika women into employment) funding $194,000.
- Law Firm Kahui legal have made a commitment across the organisation to increase staff use of Te Reo Māori as part of their Reo Plan. The plan supports staff to take lessons outside of work. Reo Plan is an initiative developed by Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori/ Māori Language Commission to encourage workplaces to increase use of Te Reo Māori.
- On Tuesday the Minister of Education, Chris Hipkins, announced his interim decision to cancel the Hato Petera College integration agreement (there are few students enrolled so the school is not considered sustainable). This means, unless there is convincing evidence otherwise, shortly the Minister will confirm his decision, which will effectively close the school.
- Earlier this month Sir Robert Jones filed defamation papers against Renae Maihi. Sir Robert Jones claims the language used in that petition was defamatory. In March Ms Maihi presented the petition to Labour MP Kiritapu Allan at Parliament, which asks the Prime Minister to strip Sir Robert Jones of his Knighthood, on the basis of alleged inflammatory comments made about Māori. The petition had 66,000 people in support. A GiveALittle page has been established to support Ms Maihi’s defence.
- On Thursday funding applications opened for Suffrage 125 fund. The contestable fund is worth $300,000 and its purpose is to support events and activities to celebrate 125 years of voting for women. Activities recognising Māori women, and women of diverse cultures, will be a focus.
- The Horizons Regional Council (Manawatū-Wanganui region) has voted to change the spelling of Wanganui to Whanganui in their name, and they will add a macron over the u in Manawatū. The Council have applied to the Geographic Board for the change.
- Matariki celebrations are now well underway in various locations around Aotearoa, with the Wellington Mayor, Justin Lester, suggesting a public holiday may be required. Matariki is the rising of a cluster of eight bright stars in midwinter (from May this year); and celebrations are often timed with the appearance of the first new moon (mid-June this year).
- Ezekiel Raui (Te Rarawa) will receive the Queen’s Young Leaders Award on Tuesday 26 June at Buckingham Palace, London. The award recognises Mr Raui’s leadership and programme development in the field of youth mental health and suicide prevention.
- Kimberly Maxwell (Whakatōhea, Te Whanau-ā-Apanui, Ngāti Porou, Ngāitai, Ngāti Tūwharetoa) has been awarded a Ministry for Primary Industries Postgraduate Science Scholarship. Ms Maxwell is completing a PhD in Marine Biology at Victoria University of Wellington. The scholarship value is up to $50,000.
- Rachel Jones (Ngāti Kahungunu, Ngāti Rakaipaaka) and Melissa Derby (Ngāti Ranginui) have been awarded a Fulbright Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga Graduate scholarship. This scholarship will support the recipients to undertake one year of postgraduate study/ research in indigenous development at a United States university.
- This week the Minister of Forestry, Shane Jones, and his Associate Minister, Meka Whaitiri, launched a new scholarship programme to support Māori and/or female students seeking to enroll in the Bachelor of Forestry Science, or Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) in Forest Engineering, at the University of Canterbury. The scholarships provides $8,000 a year for 4 years, and a paid internship within the forestry sector. Four scholarships will be awarded for the 2019 academic year.
- Ministers Eugenie Sage and David Clark have granted a water bottling application made under the Overseas Investment Act; which will allow a foreign company to purchase land to expand an existing bottling plant at Otakiri Springs, near Whakatane. The decision is controversial given the Green Party campaigned against such uses of New Zealand water, and because there were some iwi views of concern expressed in the consenting process – but also some iwi views in support. No associated iwi, however, elected to submit earlier on the consenting applications, although these were notified.
- Hemo Kerewai Thompson pleaded guilty to an additional 99 fraud charges last week. Ms Thompson is the former finance manager of Raukura Waikato Social Services Trust (RSST). In March she pleaded guilty to 67 charges of ‘Theft in a Special Relationship’ and one charge of ‘Obtaining by Deception’. From November 2010 to February 2015 Ms Thompson obtained circa $175,000 from RSST disguising the activity as expenditure. The Trust was placed into liquidation in 2016. Ms Thompson has been granted bail and is scheduled for sentencing at the Hamilton District Court on 19 July 2018.
- Last week the Minister for Māori Development Nanaia Mahuta announced two new housing collaborations in the Northland region Ōtangarei Papakāinga and He Korowai Trust rent-to-own home ownership model. Ōtangarei Papakāinga Limited will build four community-based transitional homes, a home for a support worker, and central whare in the Whangārei suburb of Ōtangarei. The development aims to support and transition 16 families per year into long-term housing. He Korowai Trust will receive $900,000 towards an affordable rent-to-own home ownership project. The rent-to-own project will assist eight low income families into home ownership.
- Ngāi Te Rangi iwi members are continuing protests over the possible signing of a Deed of Settlement between the Crown and the Hauraki iwi collective settlement. The protest group is of the view that the Hauraki iwi collective has no Treaty rights within the Tauranga area, and should not gain a seat of representation on the Tauranga Moana Governance Group. (The incoming governance group has four seats for Tauranga Moana iwi, one seat for the iwi of Hauraki, and five seats for local government representatives.) The responsible Minister, Andrew Little, has delayed signing the Deed over the last few weeks, to allow iwi-to-iwi discussions to be held.
Appointments and Awards
- The following New Zealand Honours and Queen’s Service awards were conferred to Māori, or people giving services to Māori, on 04 June 2018.
To be a Knights Companion of the said Order:
Mr Hekenukumai Busby, ONZM, MBE, of Kaitaia. For services to Māori.
Mr John Edward Rowles, OBE, of Auckland. For services to entertainment.
To be Officers of the said Order:
Mr Philip Alexander Te-Aorangi Bell, of Auckland. For services to music.
Mrs Christine Barney Arihia Brears, of Taumarunui. For services to Māori and health.
Ms Timua Te Puhi Kai Ariki Brennan, of Rotorua. For services to music and Māori performing arts.
Mr Matutaera Te Nana Clendon, of Auckland. For services to Māori.
Ms Briar Grace-Smith, of Paraparaumu. For services to theatre, film and television.
Mrs Carol Ann Ngawati, of Tauranga. For services to sport, education and Māori.
Mr Desma Kemp Ratima, JP, of Hastings. For services to Māori.
Archdeacon Tikituterangi Raumati, of Urenui. For services to Māori and the community.
To be Members of the said Order:
Ms Ainsley Amohaere Gardiner, of Whakatane. For services to film and television.
Dr Sharon Ellen Barcello Gemmell, JP, of Blenheim. For services to Māori and education.
Ms Gabrielle Ann Huria, of Christchurch. For services to Māori and governance.
Mrs Laura Tui Mariu, of Auckland. For services to rugby league.
Ms Rebecca Elizabeth Mellish, of Featherston. For services to Māori and governance.
Ms Christine Rewa Panapa, of Tuakau. For services to sport and Māori.
Mr Millan Tame Ruka, of Whangarei. For services to conservation.
To be Companions of the said Order:
Mr Leith Pirika Comer, of Rotorua. For services to Māori, the State and local government.
Mr Stewart Bull, of Invercargill. For services to conservation and Māori.
Mr Raymond Kopuraehana Coffin, of Te Kuiti. For services to the Māori Wardens Association.
Mrs Irene Eva Hiriwa Curnow, of Tauranga. For services to Māori and education.
Mr Hatete Joe Manukau, JP, of Katikati. For services to Fire and Emergency New Zealand and the community.
Mr Richard Henry Shepherd, JP, of Whangarei. For services to Māori and the community.
Te Pūnaha Hihiko, Vision Mātauranga Round 6 Funding (announced 7 June 2018)
|AgResearch Limited||Growth of a banana industry – rapid expansion of commercial Banana growing in Tārawhiti||Tai Pukenga Limited||$93,455|
|Whakamana mā pahekotanga: Empowerment through collaboration||Tawapata South Incorporation (trading as Onenui Station), Paroa Trust||$100,000|
|Transition mapping of Ngāti Porou food and fibre products to novel value chains||Pakihiroa Farms Ltd||$75,000|
|Te Oranganui o Ngāti Pāhauwera – lifting the well-being of Ngāti Pāhauwera through collective land and people development||Ngāti Pāhauwera Development Trust Ltd||$100,000|
|The BHU Future Farming Centre||Maara Kai and food science capacity expansion with Koukourārata, Ōnuku, Rāpaki, & Wairewa Rūnanga and Ngāi Tahu||Te Runanga o Koukourarata, Te Runanga o Onuku, Te Runanga o Rapaki, Te Runanga o Wairewa, Lincoln University, Plant & Food Research||$180,000|
|Bryce-Hare Whānau Trust||KINAKI – Tūhoe Medicinal Food Blends||AgResearch||$100,000|
|CRL Energy Limited||Resin impregnated training and research materials for pounamu industry||Ngati Waewae||$100,000|
|Hokotehi Moriori Trust||Towards Co-development – What does a sustainable Chatham Islands look like?||Te Ara Pūtaiao (Māori collective for the Crown Research Institutes)||$100,000|
|Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited||Mahika kai he pou hereka tākata, haere ake nei, haere ake nei: The validation of a food safety framework for mahinga kai||Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu||$180,000|
|E Rere te Wai e, Pupū Ake te Matauranga e: A Convergence of Maori and Western Water Knowledge Systems||Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu||$100,000|
|Te Wai Tuku Kiri, Te Wai Tuku Hā||Te Pā o Rākaihautū||$100,000|
|‘Tēnei te Tauira ka Whakapiki, Tēnei a Pūhoro Ka Whakakake ki Te Ao Mārama’||Pūhoro STEM Academy||$100,000|
|He Ao Hou, He Ātea Hou – Engaging and Preserving our Histories into the Future||Ngāti Rangithi||$75,000|
|GNS Science||Kaitiakitanga of geothermal ecosystems through joint scientific and Mātauranga-a-iwi approaches||Ngati Tahu-Ngati Whaoa Runanga Trust||$85,700|
|Kaupapa Taiao Trust||Kaupapa Taiao Tai Poutini- Establishing new Matauranga/Science Research||Te Papa||$180,000|
|Mahaanui Kurataiao Limited||He whakatō i ngā kākano o te kaitiakitanga||Te Pā o Rākaihautū||$100,000|
|Massey University||Whenua Tipu – Transformation of Māori Agribusiness and the Fourth Industrial Revolution||Opepe Farm Trust||$100,000|
|A mātauranga Māori code of practice for flood management||Te Atiawa ki Whakarongotai Charitable Trust||$100,000|
|National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd||Ngā tākapu ruku moana o Ngāti Awa||Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Awa||$180,000|
|Ngā Taonga Waimātaitai o Murihiku – Co-developing Culturally Appropriate Approaches to Improve Estuarine Mahinga Kai Management||Te Rūnaka o Ōraka-Aparima||$100,000|
|Nga Uri O Te Ngahere Trust||The Torere Integrated Land Management programme||AgResearch, Plant & Food Research, Torere Section 64 Inc, Ngaitai Iwi Authority, Torere Section 14, Torere Section 56, Karearea Farm||$100,000|
|Onuku Runanga Incorporated||Science connections between Ngāi Tarewa (Akaroa) and Opus Consultancy for regional prosperity (Amiria Wharf)||Opus Consulting Ltd||$100,000|
|Rakiura Titi Islands Administering Body / Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu||He tītī huatahi: Utilising tītī by-products and adding value to mahinga kai||Callaghan Innovation||$100,000|
|Scion||Te Arawa Climate Change Strategy: Te Urunga o Kea||Te Arawa Lakes Trust||$98,000|
|Takiwa Limited||Ahuwhenua Tairawhiti – GIS Connections for Māori Land-Innovation||Kahuitara A2E2B3 Inc, Puhunga Trust A12A Trust, PuhungaA9C Trust, Waitakaro Trust, PuhungaA9B3B2B Trust, Waipaoa 1A2, Ngamoe A8C, Kokai A3D2, Waitangi Y2B1; Kaimoho A1 Land Incorporation||$100,000|
|Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Te Rangi Iwi Trust||He taonga te manu, he tohu te manu: Reconnecting Nga i Te Rangi as mana whenua of Motuotau to advance kaitiakitanga||Massey University||$100,000|
|Te Tihi o Ruahine Whanau Ora Alliance Charitable Trust||A Participatory Design Approach to Developing Gamified Tools to Support Whānau Ora using Te Ara Whānau Ora as the pathway – Extending the reach and effectiveness of a proven whanau-centred wellbeing approach||Massey University||$100,000|
|The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited||Advancing culture and husbandry technology for yellowbelly flounder through mātauranga Māori||Ngāi Tai Ki Tāmaki||$180,000|
|Ngāti Porou Miere – Delivering Science in the East Cape||Ngāti Porou Miere||$180,000|
|Māori Tourism Hononga||New Zealand Maori Tourism-He Toa Takitini||$100,000|
|University of Auckland||He waka hourua ki te ao kei mua – Mātauranga and Science engagement framework||Mahaanui Kurataiao Limited||$100,000|
|Wakatu Incorporation||Reconnecting Whānau to Whenua: Designing the appropriate protection and utilisation of Indigenous Organisms in Te Tau Ihu||Aroha Mead||$100,000|
|Scientific Validation of Traditional Rongoā Knowledge in Te Tau Ihu||Edible Research Ltd||$100,000|
|Whai Maia Charitable Trust 1||Ngāti Whātua Orākei Kahui Rangahau : Connecting Maori with Science Providers||Te Pūnaha Matatini (University of Auckland Centre of Research Excellence), Monash University||$100,000|
Appointments and Awards
- Onuku Māori Lands Trust (Rotorua) has won the Ahuwhenua Trophy (Māori farming) Trophy.
- Harepaora Ngaheu (Ngāti Awa, Te Whānau ā Apanui) has won the Ahuwhenua Young Māori Farmer Award.
- Tahamoana Macpherson has been appointed New Zealand’s new Ambassador to Thailand.
- Wallace Haumaha has been appointed Deputy Commissioner of Police.
- The Māori Trustee, Jamie Tuuta, has advised that to his current knowledge none of the farms managed by Te Tumu Paeroa have been infected with mycoplasma bovis. (Te Tumu Paeroa administers circa 100,000 hectares of Māori-title land.) However another Māori agricultural and business leader, Hilton Collier, has advised he is aware of one Māori-owned farm which presently has official notification not to move stock (which occurs whilst testing for the mycoplasma virus takes place).
- The Ministry of the Environment has released a new science strategy called, ‘Our Science Strategy Rautaki Pūtaiao: Valued and trusted science: a framework for change’. The idea is to guide the work of the Ministry, to ensure a strong scientific basis is present behind all of its research work and policy advice. We note the strategy, whilst not Māori-focused, does commence with a positive affirmation of the place of mātauranga Māori within scientific thought (noting that there is current debate on this within the scientific community). The Ministry’s statement is:
“Our principle is ‘valued mātauranga: incorporating Mātauranga Māori appropriately to ensure te ao Māori perspectives are reflected in our work’. We want to be clear about what successful use of mātauranga mō te taiao at the Ministry looks like, so changes to improve the use of science at the Ministry also improve the use of mātauranga.”
- Conservation Minister, Eugenie Sage, has announced $11.7 million in funding to support an iwi and community plan to eradicate pests from Mount Taranaki. The project is called Taranaki Taku Turanga and is supported by the eight iwi grouping in the region, the NEXT Foundation, and the Department of Conservation.
- Minister Sage has also announced that consultation is commencing of the Government’s plan to ensure there are no new mines on conservation land. While the discussion document has not quite been released (link failure on beehive website), we note the Minister advises that the Government will “work closely with our Treaty partners throughout the process of defining how the policy will be implemented.”
- Applications for the 2018 Community Leadership Fund – Hāpori Whakatipu are now open. This fund provides grants to not-for-profit organisations with a national focus, which provide leadership and capability building across the community and social enterprise sectors. Total funding available is $500,000. Applications close on 11 July 2018.
- Gina Solomon (Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Kuri), Dr Charlotte Severne (Ngāti Tūwharetoa, Ngāi Tūhoe) and Henare Walker have been appointed to the Forestry Ministerial Advisory Group. The Forestry Ministerial Advisory Group will initially focus on supporting Te Uru Rākau (New Zealand Forestry Service) to deliver the One Billion Trees planting programme.
- Margaret Dixon pleaded guilty earlier this month to three charges of ‘theft by person in special relationship’ under the Crimes Act at the Auckland District Court. Mrs Dixon stole money from the Parengarenga 3G Trust. Her brother, Stephen Henare, is also facing related allegations. Mrs Dixon is scheduled to reappear in the Auckland District Court for sentencing in July.
- Shaun Keenan – former CEO of Ngāti Te Whiti Whenua Topu Trust – pleaded guilty in the New Plymouth District Court to 49 charges related to the theft of circa $630,000 from the Trust. Concerns were raised in 2016 when the Trust failed to produce the financials for an audit. Mr Keenan has also pleaded not guilty to eight other charges.
- Following reviews and comment concerning the downgrading of Vote: Māori Development in this year’s Budget (within Pānui and in the media), the responsible Minister Nanaia Mahuta has responded, indicating that she is attempting to rebuild Te Puni Kōkiri, after ‘years of neglect by the former Government’. She notes in particular a reliance on contractors. However, it is difficult to see how her comments stack up as practical actions – in dollar terms even outside of Cabinet the last Minister – Te Ururoa Flavell – was able to increase the investment in Māori Development. Given that we are unconvinced that a re-growth plan for Te Puni Kōkiri and Vote: Māori Development has been set out in the Budget, or in any other documentation. Rather, with the Office of Treaty Settlements slowly growing, and the new Office Crown/Māori Relations now in place (also located within the Ministry of Justice), it appears Te Puni Kōkiri is being moved increasingly to the fringes of policy relevance, at an even faster pace.
- One media outlet is reporting that Sir Toby Curtis and Maanu Paul have requested the Crown suspend payments to the Te Arawa River Trust (TARIT), given financial concerns. The Chief Executive of the trust, Eugene Berryman-Kamp, however, has indicated matters of concern have been investigated by an external accounting consultancy, and shared with appropriate trustees, but that the information is not available for others to review (such as Mr Curtis and Mr Paul). The matters are understood to relate to investments in New Zealand Premium Whitebait.
[By way of further background, there have been previous calls for the accounts of TARIT to be reviewed, in relation to other matters, and at present the Chair of the Trust, Roger Pikia, is listed as under investigation by the Serious Fraud Office. Background information on this matter is provided in Pānui edition 1/2017.]
- In addition to the above matter, Mr Maanu Paul may also be challenging the election process of the New Zealand Māori Council. Mr Paul was the incumbent representative for the Mataatua District Māori Council, but the Council Chair, Sir Taihakurei Durie, says it has held new elections and the position is now held by Nika Rua. However, Mr Paul considers those elections invalid, and maintains that he is the representative. This situation reflects past joshing between Sir Taihakurei and Mr Paul over the chairperson of the organisation. Given their past histories, future legal proceedings on this matter would not be surprising. (Pānui 27/2017 provides further background to these matters.)
- Last weekend voting for the referendum to establish Māori Electorate Wards closed. The proposals were defeated across all five councils where such referendum were held. This will please the lobbying group, Hobson’s Choice, who ran campaigns in each region against the establishment of Māori wards. The vote results were:
- Kaikoura District Council; (80% of those who voted against)
- Manawatu District Council (70% of those who voted against);
- Western Bay of Plenty District Council; (70% of those who voted against);
- Palmerston North City Council (68% of those who voted against); and
- Whakatane District Council; (55% of those who voted against).
- As previously advised, in our assessment the current legislative framework is deficient because it disadvantages Māori by virtue of being a minority population. That is, any vote to not establish a Māori ward will be determined by a majority, which means Māori seeking a Māori ward are entirely reliant on non-Māori support for this. For these elections such support was not forthcoming. Because of this, we agree with the recommendation of the 2013 Constitutional Review Panel, that a consistent and national approach to Māori representation at local government level is required. We have provided this advice for some time, but note it is only now, with a change of Government, that Local Government New Zealand has also decided to advocate for this too. (We note their former President, Lawrence Yule, left his role in order to become a National Party MP, the political party which enacted the current arrangements.)
- On Wednesday the New Zealand Spinal Cord Injury Registry (NZSCIR) published its inaugural annual report for 2016 – 2017. The NZSCIR collects data for traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord injuries. The report shows that Māori have a higher incidence of traumatic injuries (28% of all traumatic injuries) than non-traumatic injuries (8%).
- Te Puni Kōkiri and the Department of Internal Affairs have introduced Oranga Marae, a service and fund which replaces the former Lottery Marae Heritage and Facilities Fund (LMHF).
 Traumatic injuries are caused by an abrupt impact to the spine which results in damage to one or more vertebrae, or severing of the spinal cord, non-traumatic injuries are the result of slow internal damage to the spinal cord
- Donna Grant, the former Executive Director of Manaakitanga Aotearoa Trust, appeared in the Rotorua District Court this week on a range of fraud related charges: (‘dishonestly using documents’, ‘obtaining by deception’ ‘creating a forged document’ and ‘using a forged document’). The charges follow a Serious Fraud Office (SFO) investigation that alleges that Mrs Grant used her position within several organisations to fraudulently obtain funding from Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi and the Tertiary Education Commission. Mrs Grant pleaded not guilty.
Further background: In 2014 the New Zealand Qualifications Authority and the Tertiary Education Commission released a report on complaints relating to educational provision by Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi. The report found a wide range of issues were presenting in numerous programmes areas, however a key matter was significant under-delivery of a tourism programme called ‘Hei Manaaki’. Manaakitanga Aotearoa Trust was subcontracted to deliver Hei Manaaki to the wānanga. Following the investigation, Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi acknowledged significant errors, and repaid $5.9 million in funding to the Government. In addition, 217 qualifications were cancelled. In our opinion, these qualifications (awarded and then removed) were most likely to be largely or solely to Māori students.
Note: like all New Zealanders, we emphasise that Mrs Grant retains a presumption of innocence, unless proven guilty; i.e. these are allegations only.
- Seatbelt non-usage and fatal accidentsLast month a research report commissioned by the AA Research Foundation on seatbelt usage was released. It found that in fatal accidents in which a seatbelt was not worn, 35% of deaths were Māori.https://www.transport.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/Research/Documents/Mackie-Seat-belt-fatality-report-FINAL.pdf  The study is called, Vehicle Occupants not wearing a seatbelt – ‘An analysis of fatalities and traffic offences in New Zealand’. The research relates to the period 2012 to 2015.
- Māori Science Debate. This week MBIE lead scientists put out a shared media statement on Māori participation in science. They did this as since March the Royal Society of New Zealand / Te Apārangi and Otago University have been publicly criticised for matters relating to Māori interests in science. In broad terms, Te Apārangi has been criticised for using its Māori name and allegedly allowing the influence of the ‘arts / philosophy’ to impact on its other scientific endeavours. Otago University has been criticised for allegedly requiring consultation with Ngāi Tahu in all research areas. The complaint seems to be: science is hard facts, and should not yield to ‘cultural or philosophical views’, the Society does not need a Treaty of Waitangi statement, and Māori/iwi should not be in a position to overrule every item of research. (We note although written by a scientist, there is a bit of emotive language tied in, with phrases like ‘stone age nobodys’.) The reply is along the lines that there are many types of knowledge and science must be inclusive of all New Zealanders in order to maintain relevance. This debate will likely be of most interest to academic subscribers: the links are provided below.
“Research, science and innovation should be relevant to all New Zealanders. The context and challenges of all our citizens should be able to inform science, just as they inform other government business. Delivering benefits from science will require collaboration among multiple disciplines, and scientists to work with other perspectives, people and institutions to create change. To aggressively reject genuine societal views will not make science more “real” – it will make science irrelevant.” MBIE media extract.
- Professor Margaret Hyland, Chief Scientist, MBIE & Professor of Engineering, University of Auckland
- Dr Rob Murdoch, Departmental Science Advisor, MBIE & General Manager Research, NIWA
- Professor Hamish Spencer, Departmental Science Advisor, MBIE & Professor of Zoology, University of Otago
Appointments and Awards
- Jamie Tuuta (Ngāti Mutunga, Ngāti Tama, Te Ati Awa & Taranaki Tuturu has been appointed chair of the Māori Television Board. Peter Jones (Ngāti Kahu, Te Rārawa, Ngāi Takoto & Te Aupōuri) has been appointed deputy chair.
- Jim Mather (Ngāti Awa, Ngāi Tūhoe) has been appointed chair of the Radio New Zealand Board.
- Ezekiel Raui (Te Rarawa), Diva-Ataahua Ratu (Ngāti Whatua), and Stevie Davis-Tana (Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Porou, Te Arawa) have been appointed to the Ministry of Youth Development Partnership Fund Board. The Partnership Fund Board will oversee investments in partnership with business and philanthropic sectors, iwi, and other funders to increase the capability and resilience of young people within their communities and whānau.
- Dr Moana Theodore (Ngāpuhi, Te Arawa) and Dr Jason Gurney (Ngāpuhi) have each been awarded a Māori Health Research Emerging Leader fellowship worth $500,000. The fellowships are for four years and are awarded by the Health Research Council and the Ministry of Health.
Dr Theodore’s research will look at the impact of education on the well-being of tamariki Māori and also the benefits of tertiary study for Māori university students.
Dr Jason Gurney’s research focus is to identify cancers which require the most urgent attention in terms of survival outcomes, and to determine the extent to which survival, quality of life and palliative care factors are modifiable for Māori patients with these cancers.
- Last week the 2018 University of Auckland Aotearoa Māori Business Leaders Awards were held. The award winners were:
- Kauahi Ngapora (Ngāi Tahu, Waikato-Tainui) – Outstanding Māori Business Leaders Award;
- Rachel Taulelei (Ngāti Raukawa, Ngāti Rarua, Ngāti Koata) – Māori Woman Business Leaders Award;
- Kendall Flutey (Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Kahungunu) – Young Māori Business Leaders Award;
- Whaimutu Dewes (Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Rangitihi) – Māori Governance Award;
- Maru Nihoniho (Ngāti Porou, Whānau ā Apanui, Ngāi Tahu) – Māori Entrepreneurial Leaders Award;
- Iwi Partnership Collective – Outstanding Māori Business Leadership Award (for organisations).
Ngāti Tamaoho Claims Settlement
- Yesterday the second reading of the Ngāti Tamaoho Claims Settlement Bill was completed in Parliament. The settlement includes a commercial and financial redress of $10.3 million, and a cultural revitalisation fund of $590,000.
- On Thursday the Electoral (Entrenchment of Māori Seats) Amendment Bill was introduced in Parliament. The purpose of the Bill is to amend the Electoral Act 1993 so it will embed the provisions of the Act relating to Māori electorates. As way of background, the provisions relating to the General electorates are currently entrenched in the Act but the provisions relating to the Māori electorates are not.
- On Tuesday the Electoral Commission released the first progressive results for the Māori Electoral Option 2018. Results to date show the Māori Roll has decreased by 2052 and Māori enrolled on the General roll has increased by 2698. Māori electoral option closes 2 August.
Economic Funding Round Open
- On Monday the 2018 the He kai kei aku ringa funding round opened. The purpose of the fund is to grow the Māori economy. The fund is worth circa $1 million, there are five broad criteria (but we consider more of less anything related to the Māori economy/ business seems to fit); applications close 28 May 2018.
- Te Puni Kōkiri have published a Civil Defence Marae Emergency Preparedness Plan. This resource is designed to help prepare Marae in the event of a natural disaster or emergency. https://www.tpk.govt.nz/en/a-matou-mohiotanga
- Last week five two-bedroom, pre-fabricated papakāinga homes were opened at Kōkōhīnau Marae, Te Teko. The $2.7 million development was carried out with funding support from the Te Puni Kōkiri Māori Housing Network and the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment.
- Mathew Pooley (Ngāi Tahu, Koukourārata), Cheyenne Wilson (Ngāi Tūhoe, Ngāti Awa, Ngāti Tūwharetoa, Te Arawa) and Harepaora Ngaheu (Ngāti Awa, Te Whānau-ā-Apanui) have been named the 2018 Ahuwhenua Young Māori Farmer finalist. The winner will be announced 25 May.
- Amber Craig (Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa, Rangitāne), Robyn Kamira (Te Rarawa) and Michael Taitoko (Ngāti Maniapoto) have been appointed to the Digital Economy and Digital Inclusion Advisory Group.
- Daniel Procter (Ngāti Uepohatu, Ngai Tāmanuhiri, Ngāti Rangiwaho) has been appointed as Deputy Chairperson to the Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust Board.
- Miriana Stephens (Ngāti Rārua, Ngāiterangi, Ngāti Ranginui), Puawai Wereta (Ngāti Tūwharetoa) and Nadine Tunley(Ngāti Wheke, Ngāti Waewae) have been appointed to the Primary Sector Council.