- Leith Comer (Ngāti Rangitihi, Ngai Tahu, Ngāti Pahuwera, Te Arawa) and Fiona Cassidy (Ngāti Kuri, Te Aupouri, Te Rarawa) have been appointed to the Veterans Advisory Board. Mr Comer will chair the board.
- Marama Fox, a former Member of Parliament for the Māori Party, had her consultancy company liquidated this week over an unpaid debt, reportedly of circa $30,000 to an ICT company. Associate Judge Ken Johnston of the Wellington High Court made the liquidation order against Marama Fox Consultancy Group Tapui Limited.
- Applications for the Te Pūtake o te Riri | Wars and Conflicts in New Zealand Fund are now being accepted. Te Pūtake o te Riri is a fund which supports whānau, hapū and iwi to initiate, promote and deliver activities and events that commemorate the New Zealand Land Wars. https://tpk.govt.nz/en/whakamahia/te-putake-o-te-riri-wars-and-conflicts-in-new-zeal
- Ngā Taonga Tuku Iho – A Māori Cultural and Intellectual Property Issues Conference will be held 16 -18 September in Nelson. For programme details see weblink below.
https://www.taongatukuiho.com/On Thursday the Minister of Education Chris Hipkins announced that Te Wharekura o Ngāti Rongomai, (Rotorua) will receive $10 million for new buildings.
- Today the Minister of Education Chris Hipkins announced the cancellation of the integration agreement for Hato Petera College, effective immediately. This decision will come as no surprise to readers.
- On Tuesday the Associate Minister of Education, Kelvin Davis, announced that a series of over twenty hui are being held across the country to discuss ways to improve Māori education. As these wānanga have commenced the Minister’s release is tardy; but the intent to ensure a wide range of input is received is positive. We recommend subscribers with an interest in Māori education matters attend; as it is time now for the Government to review its Māori education strategy, Ka Hikitia. (Note presently the strategy for 2018 onwards contains only three dot-points and is predominately a blank white page.)
Ministry of Education Māori Education Wānanga
Date and Time
Lower Hutt 4 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Lower Hutt Events Centre, Lower Hutt Opotiki 5 September 2018
10:00am – 2:00pm
Opotiki College, Opotiki Masterton 6 September 2018,
Copthorne Hotel, Masterton New Plymouth 11 September 2018
2:00 – 4:00pm
Quality Hotel, New Plymouth Te Kuiti 11 September 2018
Waikato, TBA Whangānui 11 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Hawera/ Manawatu- Whangānui, TBA Coromandel 12 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Manaia/Coromandel, TBA Whangānui 12 September 2018
2:00 – 4:00pm
Cooks Gardens, Whangānui Whangānui 12 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Cooks Gardens, Whangānui Gisborne 13 September 2018
10:30am – 2:00pm
Te Wānanga o Aotearoa, Gisborne Hamilton 13 September 2018
Waikato, TBA Ruatoria 14 September 2018
10:30am – 2:00pm
Ngata Memorial College, Ruatora Palmerston North 14 September 2018
2:00pm – 4:00pm
Distinction Hotel, Palmerston North Palmerston North 14 September 2018
6:00 – 9:00pm
Distinction Hotel, Palmerston North Whangārei 17 September 2018
12:00 – 4:00pm
ASB Stadium, Whangārei Kaitaia 18 September 2018
10:00am – 2:00pm
Te Ahu Centre, Kaitaia, Northland Keri Keri 19 September 2018
10:00am – 2:00pm
Turners Centre, Keri Keri, Northland Auckland 22 September 2018
Alexandra Park, Auckland South Auckland 24 September 2018
Vodafone Events Centre, South Auckland North Auckland 25 September 2018
North Shore Stadium, North Auckland Hastings 27 September 2018
4:30 – 8:30pm
Heretaunga Taiwhenua, Hastings Southland 9 October 2018
Southland, TBA Chatham Island 10 October 2018
Chatham Island, TBA
This quarterly review provides a summary of significant Māori focused social, economic and Treaty policy developments for the period 1 April to 30 June 2018.
Within the quarter we reviewed 12 data set publications, 10 research reports, 8 Government policy / legislative issues. Information summaries are provided within the following appendices.
- Appendix 1 – Social Policy Items;
- Appendix 2 – Economic Policy Items;
- Appendix 3 – Treaty of Waitangi Matters and;
- Appendix 4 – Political Items
This quarter there have been three Māori focused policy items of salient note:
- Budget 2018/19 reduced specific Māori Development funds – the Finance Minister said this is because Te Puni Kōkiri had not used past money, and that Māori are gaining outcomes elsewhere; whereas the Minister for Māori Development denied (wrongly) that was the Budget reality;
- Whānau Ora is to be externally reviewed – although a Te Puni Kōkiri evaluation released this month of the initiative finds no issues arising; and
- the Government has rejected building a mega prison at Waikeria instead a 500 bed rebuild will be undertaken, linked to a 100 bed secure mental health facility, a policy decision which suggests greater awareness of the significant link between criminal offending and poor mental health.
These items are further discussed below. Further information is available within the appendices and Pānui editions as referenced.
Social Policy Matters
Overview of Socio-Economic Matters
Data released this quarter continues to show ongoing socio-economic disparities presenting between Māori and other New Zealanders, with no significant positive or negative change. Two key statistics for the quarter are that:
- 97,400 Māori (aged 18-64 years) and their household whānau are welfare reliant – this is circa 26% of working age Māori adults; and
- 6% of Māori in the labour force were unemployed, (33,100 people). By comparison, the New Zealand overall unemployment rate was about half of that, at 4.4%
Education Sector Summary
This quarter the New Zealand Qualifications Authority released the 2017 NCEA results; which showed around 74% of Year 12 Māori learners achieved NCEA level 2. This was about the same as the previous year, and ten percentile points below non-Māori. Research and ideas for addressing schooling disparities continued to be tabled, with a discussion on racial bias making it into the official policy papers as one rationale for reforming the school sector.
More positively, new research on literacy shows significant gains across the Māori population over the last decade – with 81% of Māori now having fair or better English language literacy (which is needed for workforce gains). Te Reo literacy is also strong, with Māori school learners found to be enjoying this subject and also out-performing others across the board. This success perhaps links back to the racial bias / differing cultural capital discussion – i.e. if most teachers were Māori and taught subjects such as maths and science from a Māori perspective (as Te Reo is) would the results across the nation be different? Other education items of note:
- The Treasury contributed to the disparity discussion with research that confirmed the obvious conclusion that students who change schools a lot are at educational risk – and they noted Māori more than others are in this grouping;
- the Ministry of Education’s tertiary research analyst released a report that confirms that greater proportions of Māori study at the lower levels in the tertiary education sector (linked to lower school qualifications). The result of the tertiary education outcome is that a qualification disadvantage presents within the workforce thereby suppressing Māori wages and employment opportunities;
- research about the Youth Guarantee initiative was released, which shows the programme is successful in keeping students engaged in education (good), but that links to tertiary level 4 study and industry training / apprenticeships and the like, are not clearly proven (not good). e. whilst these students (many are Māori) undertake trade preparation type courses, the initiative is not actually giving them a direct pathway into employment within the trade sectors.
Health Sector Summary
In the health sector, as always, an assortment of research data was published. This quarter disparities were shown in areas such as tamariki deaths, abortion rates, children with “major social, emotional and/or behavioural problems”, elderly nutrition, colorectal cancer, and non-seat belt wearing car accident deaths. Probably all well intended studies and data sets, but collectively all reflecting the differences in how Māori and non-Māori live so differently within the same geopolitical terra firma.
The key item within the health sector, however, was the announcement of a major review of how services work. We note, in regard to the review, Health Minister David Clark states, “we need to face up to the fact that our health system does not deliver equally well for all. We know our Māori and Pacific peoples have worse health outcomes and shorter lives. That is something we simply cannot accept.” Given the above data, which is relentless every quarter in showing some form of health disparity, in our view the Minister could not be more veridical.
Housing Sector Summary
In the housing sector Minister Phil Twyford (re)announced $63.4 million funding for ‘Housing First Fund’, which is focusing on increasing houses available for vulnerable families. The need for this was also (re)confirmed with the Ministry of Social Development also releasing its public housing quarterly report, to 31 March 2018. The report finds that 36% (23,600-odd) public housing tenants are Māori. That is disproportionately high, given Māori are 15% of the total population. In addition, there is a register of who needs a house and qualify for assistance, but do not have one – of these people we advise 44% are Māori (circa 3,500 tangata.)
Overall this type of data points towards housing being an issue of prominence for Māori – i.e. over 10% of all Māori may be living in or needing state/public housing – compared with about 1% of non-Māori. The next policy action required from this Ministry is to better link this data with sole-parent and gender information, as indicative links with household income data point towards sole-mothers, mainly Māori, being the grouping disproportionately in need.
Justice Sector Summary
There were two key items within the justice sector this quarter of relevance to Māori. First, as above, the Government announced it would not build a mega prison at Waikeria, but it would rebuild a smaller prison, and a 100-bed secure mental health facility. While this is well short of the radical tikanga Māori prison proposal Minister Kelvin Davis broached back when he was in opposition, it is a step towards better recognising the strong link between criminal offending and poor mental health. The Government’s Waikeria decision ties in well with the second item of note: robust research from the Office of the Prime Minister’s Chief Scientific Advisor showing that early intervention works best in preventing offending. This is partially because young offenders often have mental health issues: for example, alcohol or drug dependencies, which can be addressed early thereby mitigating offending and other social ills. Note also this quarter the Ministry of Health released a research report indicating perhaps 12% of Māori children, around 23,000, may have what they classified as ‘significant social, emotional and/or behavioural problems’.
In our assessment while there has been a known link between criminal offending and health previously, there does appear to be a conceptual shift away from the notion that some people are ‘criminals’ (full stop), towards an understanding that many people who commit offences do so because of a period of poor mental health, which means they do not appropriately regulate their own behaviours. This discussion is particularly important for Māori, as about half of the people incarcerated in New Zealand prisons are Māori, and Māori also have much higher rates of reported mental health issues. Accordingly, the scientific recommendation to focus on mitigation of poor health and behaviour issues early in life does present as a sensible basis for new policies, including the proposal that Māori approaches be used to support Māori tamariki. This in our view is ‘not rocket science’, but it is now published scientific research none the less.
Social Sector Summary
In the social wellbeing sector, as noted above, 97,000 Māori households are welfare reliant. Statistics New Zealand also released data which showed poor households such as these face greater inflation pressures. A link to the increased price of tobacco was made, implying tobacco consumption is detrimental to household finances, not just population health. In addition, funding to reduce family violence was also (re)announced; and The Treasury released a report indicating they are still beavering away somewhere on what wellbeing might actually be; (possibly it will mean having more money to pay the bills, having a home, being free of violence and the like, but they have not landed it just yet). A separate Māori wellbeing framework is also being considered by The Treasury. (We note Whānau Ora contains a solid Māori wellbeing framework, but The Treasury does not acknowledge its existence.)
The annual evaluation of Whānau Ora was released by Te Puni Kōkiri (TPK). We found it to be a weak evaluation report which identified no issues arising and continued to under-explain this initiative. Ironically, that report was released (without a Ministerial forward) just weeks after the Government announced it would review Whānau Ora, and with terms of reference that clearly signals that transparency and accountability are items for improvement. We interpret that as a vote of no-confidence in TPK in this work area. However, perhaps more directly relevant to many Māori whānau (circa one-third) is that this quarter the Government confirmed that it would review the entire welfare system. Quite what this entails is not yet clear.
The major economic item for the quarter is the Government’s Budget, released in May. Overall the Government is forecasting an operating surplus of $3.1 billion, even after taking into account its new spending. But as advised above, for Vote: Māori Development funding is to drop, this year, and every year forecast afterwards. As previously noted Finance Minister Grant Robertson says the drop in Vote: Māori Development reflects programmes that Te Puni Kōkiri did not deliver on being removed from the Budget – so again an implicit vote of no confidence for TPK, which is presenting as somewhat under siege. In his view, however, Māori whānau are estimated to receive $1.5 billion more in services through the Government’s wider programmes, such as the Families Package: however we can see no means for the Government to evidence that estimate.
In our assessment, funds removed from Te Puni Kōkiri will reduce its policy function from this year – effectively retarding its ability to give advice on the impact of mainstream programmes on Māori. This is despite the fact that there are service gaps – i.e. disparities being experienced by Māori in all social areas, including health, education and housing – some of which are shown in the discussion above.
We note there has been no consultation with Māori, and no explanation as to why Māori Development funds went unspent last year. The denials of funding cuts by Ministers Mahuta and Jackson do not help the situation. In short, the Labour Party holds all seven Māori electoral seats in Parliament and has the largest number of Māori members of Cabinet than at any time previously. At both Ratana and Waitangi Day earlier this year the Government indicated it would increase Māori services, so it follows some Māori voters may feel betrayed by this Budget, and particularly by the Minister for Māori Development, Nanaia Mahuta, who so far has tabled no clear initiatives nor policy plan for Māori Development. The pressure will be on her to deliver something in next year’s Budget; and she will also need to either express a higher level of confidence in Te Puni Kōkiri or to propose something better.
Pānui also reviewed other Vote areas in regard to Māori specific funding. Information is provided in the appendices: there were no radical changes of note.
Other Economic Matters
Six other economic matters of note are listed below.
- The consultancy firm TDB Advisory released a report summarising the financial performance of eight iwi, from 2011 to 2017. The iwi groups are Ngāi Tahu, Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Whātua o Ōrakei, Rangitāne o Wairau, Raukawa, Ngāi Tūhoe and Waikato-Tainui. All have made money, a few have made lots of money (e.g. Waikato-Tainui had a strong financial year), with very good returns on their investments.
- The Productivity Commission released a draft report on climate change, proposing new legislation and a new Commission to assist future Governments achieve a low emission economy. For Māori they suggest a Treaty of Waitangi clause would be useful for incoming legislation, combined with some type of Māori advisory committee.
- The Ministry for the Environment also published work on climate change, with a report from its technical working group being released. This group has a range of recommendations to reduce emissions, and for Māori specifically they suggest the Government “commission mātauranga Māori-led measures that reflect cultural impacts of climate change and are developed and managed by iwi/hapū”.
- The Land and Water Forum released a new report focusing on how to prevent degradation of water quality, particularly sediment and nitrogen pollutants. In relation to Māori, the Forum repeats its views that Māori interests in water (i.e. any proprietary and usage rights) are in their ‘too-hard’ basket, and thus the Crown needs to address such matters directly. They point out the current situation is creating uncertainty which undermines long term investment decisions needed to improve water quality. Hence their recommendation that “Central government must, as a priority, work with iwi to reach agreement on how to resolve rights and interests in fresh water.”.
- The Government announced that the offshore block offers for oil and gas exploration permits will end (i.e. no new offers to be made). The block offer was an annual tender process established by the former National led Government that allowed for oil and gas companies to bid for permits. Many iwi groups had petitioned about oil exploration in their respective off-shore areas.
- The Government has announced it is reviewing consumer credit regulations, of interest as Māori are identified as one grouping at risk – which is no surprise given the high percentage of welfare reliance noted above.
Waitangi Tribunal Matters
This quarter the Waitangi Tribunal released its report on its Whakatōhea Mandate Inquiry. The Tribunal found the Crown breached the Treaty of Waitangi by prioritising its objective of seeking to conclude a Treaty settlement over processes that were fair to the hapū groupings within Whakatōhea. Thus the decision to recognise the pre-settlement Trust mandate was found not to be fair, reasonable or made in good faith. This is consistent with the Tribunal’s view in other areas: that mandate issues, including hapū consent must be satisfactorily resolved before the Crown pushes ahead with negotiations.
This quarter Parliament made progress with five Treaty settlements; with two of these reaching conclusion and thus becoming law. The groupings were:
- Ngāti Rangi (legislation introduced to Parliament);
- Ngāti Porou and Ngāti Tamaoho (both had respective second readings);
- Heretaunga Tamatea and Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki both had their respective third readings – thereby concluding these two settlements of circa $100 million and $13 million respectively.
Government and Parliamentary Matters
In addition to the above sector issues, we note three further Parliamentary matters of note this quarter.
- Adding to the Treaty settlement concerns of Whakatōhea, the Minister for Māori Development has advised she has asked for an independent review of the governance and management of the Whakatōhea Trust Board;
- A Bill to entrench Māori electoral seats was introduced to Parliament.
- Referenda were held by five local bodies in regard to the establishment of Māori wards – in all cases the notion of Māori wards was rejected by voters. This situation of predominantly non-Māori voters determining how Māori voters may be represented within local Government presents to us as manifestly unjust. The matter is discussed within Pānui 15/2018.
 This data is from Statistics New Zealand and the Ministry of Social Development data sets.
 It will drop by $2 million in the year ahead (even after setting aside all extraordinary increases this year), and by $17 million over the next four years.
 Their answers to Parliamentary Questions have been provided in Pānui so that subscribers can determine for themselves the integrity of the responses given to challenging questions.
 The Ngāti Porou Bill relates to marine and foreshore matters.
Parliamentary Items of Note
- On Wednesday the Minister for Education, Chris Hipkins, announced an overhaul of the education system, commencing with a three-year work plan for change. One of the ten main components is a continuous focus on raising Māori learner achievements. The associated Cabinet paper indicates:
- “there has been significant growth in early learning participation, particularly for Māori, Pasifika and children from lower socio-economic communities. However, participation rates don’t automatically equate to regular attendance, progress or achievement, nor do they take into account the quality of learning opportunities available to children;
- In English medium schooling, Māori and Pasifika children have poorer educational outcomes than their peers. Research has confirmed that teacher unconscious bias and low expectations are significant issues in New Zealand for Māori and Pasifika children and young people, and that this has an ongoing negative impact.
- In Māori medium schooling, Māori children and young people are experiencing educational success as Māori. However this pathway requires strengthening to address significant teacher workforce limitations, retention and capacity issues.”
(We intend to provide a focused review of Māori education in the coming months, and will further draw upon this policy work for that.)
- Last week the Child Poverty Reduction Bill was read for a first time in Parliament, refer to the article above for details.
- This week the Families Commission Act Repeal Bill was read for a first time and referred onto the Social Services and Community Select Committee. This bill, if enacted, will disestablish the Commission (operating as Superu), with its functions mainly shifting to the Ministry of Social Development. Subscribers may recall that over the last few years this Commission has delved into whānau wellbeing research, and last year ultimately concluded its work with the enlightening (sic) statement that:
“supporting and strengthening whānau wellbeing requires a multifaceted approach that includes social and human resource potential factors, as well as economic factors.”
(We described this work as well-meaning but odd-ball stuff; hence we are not completely surprised to see the beginnings of the end for this agency, refer Pānui 12/2017 for the research details).
- Te Puea Marae has advised that it will be concluding its respite housing initiative shortly. Marae Chairperson, Hurimoana Dennis, has indicated 60 whānau have been placed in accommodation, including 83 tamariki. They will continue to work with fourteen whānau who are still staying at the marae.
- On Monday the Minister for Education, Hekia Parata, announced that thirty ‘Kupe Scholarships’ have been awarded to Māori and Pasifika people seeking to become teachers. The scholarships cover course fees, some living costs and provide for mentoring. The list of successful recipients is available here:
- The Rotorua Lakes Council has won a Local Government New Zealand Awards judges’ choice award for its partnership work with Te Arawa.
- This week the Waitangi Tribunal has been hearing claims alleging the Department of Corrections had under-served Māori inmates and failed to uphold the Treaty of Waitangi. (We will advise further at the Tribunal reporting stage.)
- Nuki Takao and Waihoroi Shortland have both been appointed to Te Mātāwai (by their respective iwi cluster groupings).
- Chief Executive of Te Māngai Pāho, John Bishara, has announced his resignation, in order to take up a new role with the Lake Taupō Forest Trust.
- The submission period for the draft Te Ture Whenua Māori Bill has been extended to Friday 7 August 2015. For further information on the draft bill refer to Pānui edition 18/2015.
- This week a media outlet reported on a New Zealand Police intervention which refers Māori drivers without a valid licence in the Counties Manukau District to attend training, and gain the correct licence – rather than receive an immediate fine. If completed successfully no fine is issued. The purpose of this is to reduce Māori road trauma and offending, in accordance with the Police Turning of the Tide strategy (Pānui 28/2014 refers). The media outlet suggested this was a race-based policy that benefits only Māori.
- Ngā Ruahine are considering appealing the Environmental Protection Authority decision to grant a 35-year marine consent to Shell Todd Oil Services to continue running its Maui offshore oil and gas field off the Taranaki coast.
- Ngāti Ruanui are supporting a petition created by Kiwis Against Seabed Mining (KASM) calling for a moratorium on all seabed mining in New Zealand waters, until a more thorough understanding of the risks and impacts are understood.
- Last week we advised Dr Lance O’Sullivan was appointed Chairman of Te Whānau o Hato Petera Trust. This is the Trust that oversees the hostel at Hato Petera College. Subscribers may recall quality concerns are presenting at this college, Pānui 43/2014 refers. However this week, the appointment has been ruled to be invalid by the incumbent Chair, Tame Te Rangi, on the grounds that a 5-1 vote in favour of Dr O’Sullivan failed as there was an insufficient quorum. (The board has twelve positions, but six are presently vacant.) In response, Dr O’Sullivan is said to be seeking a whānau hui this weekend, to have more members elected to the board, allowing for a further attempt at gaining the chairperson’s role. Mr Te Rangi, however, has indicated that there is a formal process for calling a special general meeting which must be followed. In addition, Dr O’Sullivan has indicated there have been incidents of serious student bullying within the hostel, and a matter has been referred to the Police for their consideration.
- Last Friday the University of Otago published an online research report called Oranga Niho me Ngā Tangata Whaiora: Oral health and Māori Mental Health Patients. The research studied the effect of rehabilitative dental treatment on mental health, oral health, and quality of life; and found positive improvements with improved care. The report can be view here: http://www.otago.ac.nz/sjwri/otago110932.pdf
Valuation of the Benefit System
Last Thursday the Minister of Social Development, Anne Tolley, released a summary of key findings from the report Valuation of the Benefit System for Working Age Adults: as at 30 June 2014. The report was prepared by Taylor Fry (a consultancy firm) and was published on the Ministry of Social Development website in February.
The report outlines the lifetime costs of approximately 570,000 working-age Work and Income New Zealand clients who received income support for the year ending 30 June 2014. The total estimated cost (liability) of benefit payments and related expenses for clients who received income support until they reach retirement age is $69 billion. Key Māori findings of note are:
- 38 percent of Work and Income New Zealand clients aged 18 to 24 years are Māori;
- intergenerational benefit receipt was highest amongst Māori; with 87 percent of Māori clients aged 18 to 24 years having at least one parent receiving a benefit. The rate was 65 percent for non-Māori;
- 54 percent of Māori clients aged 18 to 24 years are clients with intensive family benefit history. A client with intensive family benefit history is described as a client whose parent was intensively in the benefit system during the years the client was aged 13 to 17 years.
- Māori are disproportionately at risk of longer benefit reliance compared with non-Māori. The report identifies a correlation between intergenerational benefit receipt and longer benefit terms;
- The concentration of Māori beneficiaries is highest in Northland, East Cost and Bay of Plenty regions;
- Māori living in Auckland or Northland will receive on average $40,000 more in benefits than other ethnic groups in these regions.Despite these marked disparities between Māori and non-Māori, the study does not propose any solutions or recommendations for change. We also advise, Minister Tolley’s press release on this matter failed to identify any issues presenting in relation to Māori – like her Ministry she remains silent on ethnic differences in this area. That is, within the welfare sector there is still no formal acknowledgement of the need to consider and address Māori welfare dependency as a unique policy matter.The report can be viewed here:
Census – Education and Training Data Released
Last Tuesday Statistics New Zealand published, 2013 Census – Education and Training Data. The publication provides information on education, training engagement, and formal qualifications attained for people aged 15 years and over, derived from census data.
Overall the proportion of people with formal qualifications increased to 79 percent in 2013; up from 75 percent in 2006. For Māori 67 percent held a formal qualification in 2013; up from 60 percent in 2006. Noteworthy is the increase of Māori with bachelor degrees – increasing to 7.5 percent (27,057 people) in 2013, from 5.5 percent (17,907 people) in 2006. Other findings of note were:
30 percent of Māori aged 15-years and older have no formal qualifications;
the highest qualification for 41 percent of Māori (147,900) was a level 1–3 tertiary certificate; and
48 percent of Māori aged 15 to 19 years were enrolled in school or tertiary study (circa 35,000 people).
The publication can be viewed here: http://www.stats.govt.nz/Census/2013-census/profile-and-summary-reports/qstats-education-training.aspx
Māori Life Expectancy
Earlier this month Statistics NZ published, The New Zealand Period Life Tables: 2012–14. Findings show that the difference between Māori and non-Māori life expectancy at birth has reduced to 7.1 years (it was previously 7.3 years). Male Māori life expectancy at birth is now 73 years, compared with 79.5 years for all males. Māori female life expectancy is 77.1 years, compared with to 83.2 years for all females.
Quarterly Labour Market Scorecard – March 2015
Last Thursday the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment released a Labour Market Scorecard for the quarter ending 31 March 2015. The scorecard is a one-page summary on labour market statistics and indicators. The key Māori statistics and indicators for the March 2015 quarter are:
- 63.3 percent of Māori 18 year-old school levers in 2013 attained NCEA level 2 or higher;
- 29.6 percent of Māori school levers in 2013 did not attain NCEA level 1;
- the Māori unemployment rate is 12.6 percent; and
- the Māori Labour force participation is 66.5 percent.Pānui has already advised on these matters as the data was released,referto Pānui 15/2015 for details.
FoMA Members – Agricultural Production Tables as at 30 June 2014
Last Monday Statistics New Zealand published agricultural production tables from a survey of farms owned by members of the Federation of Māori Authorities (FoMA), as at 30 June 2014.
Key findings show the average size of a FoMA member farm is circa 2,260 hectares – approximately nine times larger than the average New Zealand farm size. Federation members own and manage 266,400ha of farm and forestry; which represents 1.9% of New Zealand’s total farm and forestry production land. Federation members also own 0.9% of deer; 1.9% of sheep; 1.9% of beef cattle, and 0.6% of dairy stock in New Zealand.
Pukeroa Oruawhata Group Receives Tourism Funding
On Wednesday the Minister of Tourism, John Key, announced the Pukeroa Oruawhata Group and its business partner, World Spa Ltd, will receive $350,000 from the Tourism Growth Partnership fund. The funding will be invested in the first stage of a proposed large scale health and well-being complex on the Rotorua lakefront.
Toi Moana Bay of Plenty Regional Growth Study Published
Last Tuesday a Toi Moana Bay of Plenty Regional Growth Study was published on the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment website. The report was prepared by MartinJenkins (a consultancy firm) and commissioned by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) and the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI).
The report is the third in a series of regional growth studies, which have the purpose of “identifying the sectors and commercial opportunities in each region that have the potential to sustainably grow incomes, jobs and investment”. We are reviewing this document to determine relevance for Māori, and will advise further.
Ngāi Tahu Tourism Wins Trade Award
Ngāi Tahu Tourism has won the Auckland International Airport Award for Excellence in Tourism at the HSBC China Business Awards.
Te Tatau Pounamu – Māori Representation and Participation Conference
The New Zealand Māori Council will be hosting a one day Māori Representation and Participation Conference, 31 May 2015 in Palmerston North. The conference is entitled Te Tatau Pounamu to register or view the full conference programme athttp://www.maoricouncil.com/2015/05/12/te-tatau-pounamu-conference-programme-and-registration/
Araukuku Hapū – Urgent Hearing with the Waitangi Tribunal Declined
This month Araukuku, a South Taranaki hapū lodged an application with the Wellington High Court seeking a review of a Waitangi Tribunal decision not to grant an urgent hearing into its claim (Wai 552) to have the hapū removed from Ngāruahine Deed of Settlement. The Deed of Settlement was signed in August 2014, but the Tribunal application was only lodged in February 2015 (with Tribunal decision being released on 7 May).
The Crown purchase Battle of Ōrākau site
The Crown has purchased a 9.7 hectare property at Ōrākau near Kihikihi. The property was the site of the 1864 Battle of Ōrākau. The land will be placed in the Office of Treaty Settlements Landbank and maintained by the Crown while consultation with iwi, the Heritage Society and Waipa Council continue on its future governance and management.
Dame Tariana Turia has been appointed to the Superu Board – Social Policy Evaluation and Research Unit.
- Ngāti Hineuru and the Crown signed a Deed of Settlement on 2 April 2015. The settlement includes $25 million financial and commercial redress, along with cultural redress and a Crown acknowledgement and apology.
- Sir Harawira Gardiner, Riria Te Kanawa and George Reedy have been appointed to the board of Te Huarahi Tika Trust. Steve Murray has been appointed as a director to Hautaki Ltd (the commercial subsidiary of Te Huarahi Tika Trust).
- Rachael Tūwhangai has been appointed to board of the Manukau Institute of Technology.
- Last Tuesday the Minister for Māori Development, Te Ururoa Flavell, and the Minister of Science and Innovation, Steven Joyce announced three new consortium groups who have been selected to deliver Māori and Pasifika trade training. The new provider consortiums are; Bay of Plenty Polytechnic and Ngā Pōtiki ā Tamapāhore; Taranaki Futures Trust; and Te Pū Wānanga o Anamata.
- On Monday the Minister of Education, Hekia Parata, announced that $244 million will be allocated in the 2015/16 Budget to fund four new schools, and three new kura kaupapa Māori. The kura kaupapa will be built in Whakatāne, Gisborne and Hastings.
- On Wednesday the Minister for Māori Development, Te Ururoa Flavell, and the Minister of Science and Innovation, Steven Joyce, announced the thirteen organisations that will receive Vision Mātauranga Science Funding this year. In total $1.9 million was allocated across seventeen distinct projects. The successful organisations and proposals are outlined below
|Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited||Flounder Enhancement in the Marlborough Sounds||$180,000|
|Institute for Plant and Food Research||Te Awanui Huka Pak Innovation||$180,000|
|Institute for Plant and Food Research||China consumer insights, a Pathway to Premium for Māori food brands||$100,000|
|NorthTec||Scoping the development by Pehiaweri Marae hub & NorthTec of a Tikanga Maori focused digital literacy||$180,000|
|KMAHE||Digital Media Platform for Livestreaming, Broadcasting, and Content Management||$180,000|
|AgResearch||Te Kakenga Ngātahi i te Ara Poutama||$100,000|
|Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences||Te Kura Whenua – building an understanding of earth science for informed decision making||$100,000|
|Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences||Kā Rongo te Hā o Rūaumoko – Understanding the impacts of air pollution||$99,900|
|Landcare Research||Strengthening relationships between CRIs of the Te Ara Putaiao (TAP) partnership, Maniapoto Māori Trust Board and Māori landowners, development of a new methodology for risks and potential rewards of land use||$100,000|
|Cawthron Institute||Kia Mahitahi – working together to improve water quality and river well-being||$100,000|
|Lincoln University||Establishing a National Māori Biosecurity Network||$100,000|
|University of Canterbury||O Kahukura, O Marokura: Integrating kaitiaki, science and education||$99,900|
|Te Whāriki Manawāhine o Hauraki, Te Poipoia Tūkino o Hauraki||IT applications for the diffusion of mātauranga Māori social norms that are known to reduce the impacts of whānau violence||$23,000|
|New Zealand Forest Research Institute||Mātauranga Whakarewarewa – developing tamariki science knowledge for the future||$66,000|
|University of Waikato||Te Waka a Tama-rereti: Networking Māori Expertise in Genomics, Informatics and Technology||$99,000|
|Massey University||Tūpuna kai – Reconnecting New Zealand Māori with the benefits of traditional food||$92,000|
|Groundtruth Limited||Integrating mātauranga and science for land management that provides economic growth and supports biodiversity||$95,000|
- Last Thursday the Members’ Bill of Meka Whaitiri was drawn from the ballot in parliament, and is now lodged on the Parliamentary Order Paper. The bill is the Environmental Protection Authority (Protection of Environment) Amendment Bill. Ms Whaitiri proposes to insert a new objective in the Environment Protection Authority Act 2011 to ensure the Authority must, “aim to protect, maintain and enhance New Zealand’s environment”. In her view, this extended definition of purpose is required to ensure the Authority always puts environmental considerations ahead of other matters. National Party Minister for the Environment, Nick Smith, however, considers that adding such words is superfluous, given the Authority’s sole purpose is to consider environmental matters. He has indicated the Government will therefore vote against the bill.
We have previously advised on provisions within this legislation area, particularly in relation to Māori and iwi concerns and submissions (Pānui 7/2012 refers). Our assessment has been that this legislation underserves Māori. In part this is because the Māori Advisory Committee established within the Act has a weak legislative mandate as it is unable to make binding recommendations on any party. The Committee provides case-by-case considerations upon request, is advisory only, and is effectively toothless. Accordingly from a Māori policy perspective there is scope to improve the legislative framework to better reflect Māori needs and aspirations. It is then surprising that Ms Whaitiri, who is the parliamentarian representing Ika Rāwhiti constituents – i.e. she represents Māori only – appears to have excluded matters which impact on Māori from her sole legislative proposal.
- Hinurewa Poutu and Dr Ruka Broughton have been appointed to the board of the Māori Language Commission / Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori.
- Last week Te Puni Kōkiri launched Te Whakahura a Kupe, a web-based socio demographic database tool which disaggregates census data via iwi and rohe. The database includes 98 iwi, and data sets available include various health, education, employment and housing information collected from both the 2006 and 2013 censuses. (I.e. how many people of a particular iwi have employment, own their home, have tertiary qualifications, etc). In our view this is a particularly useful tool for researchers and policy advisors, it can be viewed here:
- On Wednesday Miraka received the inaugural ‘He Kai Kei Aku Ringa – Māori Excellence in Export’ award at the 2015 New Zealand International Business Awards.
- This week the Annual General Meeting of Te Ohu Kaimoana was held. Reports of the financial returns of both Aotearoa Fisheries and Sealord have arisen from this meeting, but are not yet publicly available. (We will review when published.)
- On Thursday three finalist for the 2015 Ahuwhenua Trophy BNZ Māori Excellence in Farming Award for sheep and beef were announced. The finalist are Mangaroa Station (located north-west of Wairoa) Paua Station (located north of Kaitaia) and Maranga Station (located south-west of Gisborne). The winner will be named at the Awards dinner on May 29 in Whanganui.
- Today Ngāruahine will receive an apology from the Crown for illegally incarcerating iwi members in the South Island during the 1880s.
- On 30-31 March Te Wānanga o Raukawa and the Māori Unit within the New Zealand Council for Educational Research (Te Wāhanga) will co-hosting a forum on rangatiratanga; entitled ‘Kei Tua o te Pae’. Details can be found here:
- This week legal action between a grouping of former board members of Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Whāngaroa and the Ministry of Education has been withdrawn. (The legal challenge arose from the removal of the school board in 2013). By way of background, in June 2014 the Secretary of Education and Chief Executive of the Ministry of Education, Peter Hughes, dissolved the Board, and replaced it with a commissioner. This action followed significant student / whanau exit from the school; concerns about an inappropriate relationship between a former principal (Louisa Mutu) and a student; and concerns that board elections were not held in accordance with Education Act (allegedly no formal advertisements, only school newsletter information and letters).
The former board members objected to the need for a commissioner, indicating that they had address the conduct of the former principal appropriately, and had advertised elections in a means suitable their community. They also objected to the commissioner appointed, Mr Larry Forbes. Accordingly they had originally been seeking a High Court injunction against the interventions. However in December 2014 Hōhepa Campbell took over the commissioner role and new board elections were facilitated this year. Election results are now pending. (Pānui 21/2014 refers.)
 By way of background, Members’ Bills are proposed changes to legislation lodged by individual members of parliament. Members are allowed to lodge one bill each of their own design (i.e. it is not required to be a ‘party policy’ bill). If the bill is drawn in the parliamentary ballot then it is placed on the Order Paper (i.e. parliamentary agenda), and will receive at least a first reading in parliament, and be voted on at that point.
- This week the Māori Affairs Select Committee heard oral submissions in relation to the Māori Language (Te Reo Māori). A number of speakers expressed a level of concern with the structural proposal within the Bill, to create a new Māori language entity called Te Mātāwai. For example, Sir Edward Taihakurei Durie, for the New Zealand Māori Council, suggested “form follows function” and that the Bill was not clear on the actual Māori language strategy. Written submissions are not yet available for perusal. (Pānui 25/2014 provides a review of this Bill and outlines the structural proposals being made.)
- This week Te Wānanga o Aotearoa advised that phase two of its current restructuring is to be implemented (phase one brought its Open Wananga subsidy company back into the wānanga). Phase two is focused on the regional network of campuses. The wānanga intends to consolidate its existing six ‘territories’ into three ‘districts / takiwā’.
In the new structure Tamaki Makaurau and Northland will become one takiwā called Te Ihu. The second takiwā is Te Waenga, which will include sites from the Waikato region, Waiariki, Bay of Plenty and Poverty Bay. The third takiwā, Te Kei, include sites from Hawkes Bay, Manuwatu, Taranaki, Wanganui, Wairarapa, Wellington and the South Island. Some redundancies are expected after employment consultation processes conclude.
- The New Zealand Māori Council has released a series of brochures on its history and services, including a proposed freshwater policy framework. We are presently giving these documents further consideration. The brochures can be found here:
- Tau Henare has been appointed as a Treaty Negotiator to facilitate discussions between the Crown, Te Whānau-a-Apanui and Te Whakatōhea. Mr Henare also received media attention this week in relation to a charge of breaching a name suppression order in 2011. Mr Henare pleaded guilty, apologised for wasting police and court time, and was fined $1,200.
- In December the Wanganui District Council voted in favour of applying to the New Zealand Geographic Board to change the spelling of Wanganui to Whanganui. In addition, the Council also determined to consult further on this matter, and invited submissions (including online form submissions). Circa 2,000 submissions have been made, which the Council will provide to the Board for its consideration.
- On Tuesday a group of children affected by the 2007 Police raids in Ruatoki travelled to Wellington as guests of the New Zealand Police. The purpose of the hikoi was to help restore relationships between Tūhoe and the Police. (Pānui 17/2013 refers.)
- Te Pūmanawa o te Waiora, a partnership school in Whangaruru (Northland) opened on Monday. This is a bilingual (English/Māori) secondary school which offers learning opportunities through farming and outdoor education mediums. (Pānui 32/2013 outlines policy matters relating to partnership schools.)
- This week District Court Judge David Ruth lifted name suppression on two people convicted of defrauding Te Wānanga o Aotearoa in 2008-09. They are Margaret Wood and Ian Wood. The fraud occurred while Mrs Wood worked for the wānanga in curriculum development. Both received a sentence of 12-months home detention. One of the reasons given for lifting name suppression was that Mrs Wood has become a ‘life coach’, and judge Ruth considered it important that potential clients could be made aware of the conviction.
- On Tuesday, the Minister for Tertiary Education, Skills and Employment, Steven Joyce, announced that legislation will be amended to reduce the size of university and wānanga councils from 12 to 20 members, to 8 to 12 members. All councils will be required to have at least one member who is Māori, to “assist the goal of boosting the achievement of Māori”. Te Wānanga o Aotearoa and Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi generally support the changes, while Te Wānanga o Raukawa indicated there was no problem with their current council size. Aside from efficiency objectives, the reforms also focus on increasing the competency levels, with proposed legislation requiring that appointments have existing governance capabilities.
- Massey University: Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health (Albany campus) are currently seeking 225 Māori women living in Auckland to participate in an international study into whether women with different body fat profiles, have different risk levels for chronic disease. For more information email: firstname.lastname@example.org
• Te Kapa Coates has been appointed to the independent Board of Inquiry to consider the Ruakura Development Plan Change Request.
• Tertiary Education, Skills and Employment Minister, Steven Joyce, and his portfolio Associate Minister, Tariana Turia, have announced that tendering is now open for the provision of Māori and Pasifika Trade Training programmes. This will be of interest to subscribers involved in Māori tertiary education provision. This is actually the third Ministerial announcement of this policy, refer Pānui edition 15/2013 for further details.
• This week media outlets discussed findings from a study which explored the importance of racial-ethnic identity in the lives of Year 9 students from secondary schools in Auckland. The study is called, The importance of race and ethnicity: An exploration of New Zealand Pākehā, Māori, Samoan and Chinese adolescent identity. It found Māori and Samoan students feel happy and connected to their culture, while Pākehā and Chinese teens are proud to be New Zealanders, but did not think their culture is special. The study was published in the New Zealand Journal of Psychology, August 2013.
• Te Ohu Kaimoana and Aotearoa Fisheries Ltd (AFL) have purchased a fish processing factory from Auckland company Anton’s Seafood Ltd. Te Ohu Kaimoana, Aotearoa Fisheries Ltd along with Sealord Group Ltd, have also purchased Anton Seafood’s Orange Roughy Quota.
• This week it was announced that the Poutama Trust and the Māori Women’s Development Incorporation will enter into a memorandum of understanding to offer some shared services. The Incorporation typically offers business loans of up to $50,000 to Māori women and their whānau, while the Poutama Trust typically provides smaller grants for professional business development, feasibility research, and growth projects.
• This week the Ngā Manu Kōrero 2013 National Secondary Schools Speech competitions were held in Hamilton. The 2013 winners were; Matawhaiti Nepe (Te Wharekura o Rakaumanga), Karewa Cribb (Tamatea College), Raniera Black (Tū Toa Tai Wananga), Sonny Maaka-Ngatai (Hato Paora College), Hinemaia Takurua (Kuranui College), and Te Whare Kotua Davies (Naenae College).
• This week oil Company TAG Oil announced that their partner, Apache New Zealand, are pulling out of the first phase of a joint oil exploration area located on the North Island’s East Coast (TAG will continue alone). This announcement follows Brazilian Oil Company Petrobras decision to exit its oil exploration activities in New Zealand and return their oil permit in December.
• Last week Te Pūtea Whakatupu Trust announced an extension to its scholarship programmes, and is now offering 50 Māori tertiary education scholarships for 2013. (The Trust was established as a part of the Māori fisheries settlement.) The scholarships are for $10,000 each. (Application details are on their website.)
• A Māori language strategy focused on increasing the use of Te Reo across the Wairoa District was launched in December. Several groups and organisations were involved in the strategy’s development, namely Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Ngāti Kahungunu o te Wairoa, Te Kura Motuhake o Te Ataarangi, and the Human Rights Commission
• Tupoho Whānau Trust, Whanganui, has agreed to the Whanganui District Council building a recycling facility on Māori-owned land. The facility will employ up to 40 people.
• In December National Party MP Tau Henare withdrew his candidacy bid to become Speaker of the House. • Māori Party co-leader Tariana Turia announced she will retire from politics and not stand in the 2014 General Election. Her co-leader, Dr Sharples, has indicated he has no plans to retire at present.
Appointments and Honours awarded
• Mike Sang has been appointed Chief Executive of Ngāi Tahu Group Holdings.
• Miriama Evans, Dr Rawinia Higgins, Hon Paul Swain and Nick Davidson have all been appointed to the Waitangi Tribunal. Each appointee will serve a three year term from 1 January 2013.
2013 New Year’s Honours’ list recipients for Service to Māori were:
Knights Companion (KNZM);
- Mark Solomon Companions of the New Zealand Order of Merit (CNZM)
Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit (CNZM)
- Hohi Kaa
- Professor Linda Tuhiwai Te Rina Smith
Officers of the New Zealand Order of Merit (ONZM)
- Henare Tau
Members of the New Zealand Order of Merit (MNZM)
- Dr David Taylor
Queens Service Medal (QSM)
- Gregory Makutu
- Senior Constable John Tangaere
- Patrick Thompson
• Mana Party leader, Hone Harawira, appeared in Court on Thursday in relation to a charge of failing to remove a vehicle (at a protest concerning state housing removals last month). He pleaded not guilty. A hearing is scheduled for March next year. There was some initial ado with this first hearing, as Mr Harawira addressed the Court only in Te Reo Māori and the Court did not have an interpreter readily available.
• On Monday Michelle Hippolite commenced her role as Chief Executive of Te Puni Kōkiri.
• Michael Doogan has been appointed a temporary judge of the Māori Land Court. Mr Doogan will commence the two-year appointment in January 2013.
• Dr Deidre Brown, Dr Elana Curtis, Dr Te Oti Rakena, Gillian Reynolds, Tanya Savage, Angie Smith, and Matthew Tarawa have received a Group Research Award from the New Zealand Association for Research in Education, for their research on Māori and Pacific student teaching and learning.
• Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga, which is a Centre of Research Excellence, has commissioned four new Māori focused research projects. The four projects are:
- In pursuit of the possible: Indigenous well-being – a study of indigenous hope, meaning and transformation led by Professor Linda Tuhiwai Smith, Waikato University,
- Fostering te pā harakeke: Advancing healthy and prosperous families of mana led by Professor Mason Durie, Massey University;
- How do we return the mauri to its pre-Rena state? led by Dr Kepa Morgan; and
- Waka Wairua: Landscape heritage and the creative potential of Māori communities, led by Associate Professor Merata Kawharu, University of Auckland.
• Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga has also released its second issue of the MAI Journal online (Māori research articles).
- On Monday the Fisheries (Foreign Charter Vessels and Other Matters) Amendment Bill was introduced in Parliament. The Bill implements the Government’s decisions on the prohibition of foreign charter vessels, following allegations of mistreatment and underpayment of foreign crews (refer to pānui E17/2012 for details).
- On Wednesday the Mount Maunganui Borough Reclamation and Empowering Act Repeal Bill was read for a second time (refer to pānui E20/2012 for details.)
- On Wednesday the Finance and Expenditure Committee tabled their interim report on the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Bill. The committee recommends (by majority) that the Bill be passed, with some amendments. This Bill effects Māori forestry interests in particular, (refer to pānui E11/2012 for details on this policy matter).
- On Thursday the Education Amendment Bill was read for the first time and referred to the Education and Science Committee. This Bill sets out the legal framework for partnership schools / kura hourua. Submissions have not been called for, and a report is due by 18 April 2013 (refer to pānui E26/2012 for details).
- Sir Ralph Norris has been appointed to the University of Auckland Council.
- Professor Des Gorman has been appointed to the board of the Accident and Compensation Commission (ACC).
- Rangi Wills has been appointed to the board of the Fire Service Commission.
- The Health Research Council of New Zealand has signed a trilateral letter of intent to improve research capacity in Indigenous peoples’ health. This has been entered into with the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia, and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
- This week Te Hunga Roia Māori o Aotearoa (the Māori Law Society) hosted an international indigenous lawyers conference in Hamilton.
- Last month the Education Review Office released a report on Hato Petera College. Although written somewhat in coded language, the report identifies significant performance issues. These include governance, financial management, curriculum and assessment, quality of teaching, and student achievement concerns. (The list of issues is provided on page 8 of the report.)